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STRUCTURE AS ARCHITECTURE

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STRUCTURE AS ARCHITECTURE
A SOURCE BOOK
FOR ARCHITECTS AND STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS
Andrew W. Charleson

AMSTERDAM • BOSTON • HEIDELBERG • LONDON • NEW YORK • OXFORD PARIS • SAN DIEGO • SAN FRANCISCO • SINGAPORE • SYDNEY • TOKYO
Architectural Press is an imprint of Elsevier

An imprint of Elsevier Linacre House, JordanHill, Oxford OX2 8DP 30 Corporate Drive, Burlington MA 01803 First published 2005 Copyright © 2005, Andrew W. Charleson All rights reserved The right of Andrew W. Charleson to be identified as the author of this work has been asserted in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 No part of this publication may be reproduced in any material form (including photocopying or storing inany medium by electronic means and whether or not transiently or incidentally to some other use of this publication) without the written permission of the copyright holder except in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 or under the terms of a licence issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency Ltd, 90 Tottenham Court Road, London, England W1T 4LP. Applicationsfor the copyright holder’s written permission to reproduce any part of this publication should be addressed to the publisher Permissions may be sought directly from Elsevier’s Science and Technology Rights Department in Oxford, UK: phone: ( 44) (0) 1865 843830; fax: ( 44) (0) 1865 853333; e-mail: permissions@elsevier.co.uk. You may also complete your request on-line via the Elsevier homepage(www.elsevier.com), by selecting ‘Customer Support’ and then ‘Obtaining Permissions’ Every effort has been made to contact owners of copyright material; however, the authors would be glad to hear from any copyright owners of material produced in this book whose copyright has unwittingly been infringed. British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available fromthe British Library Library of Congress Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the Library of Congress ISBN 0 7506 6527 0 For information on all Architectural Press publications visit our website at www.architecturalpress.com Typeset by Charon Tec Pvt. Ltd, Chennai, India www.charontec.com Printed and bound in Italy

CONTENTS

PrefaceAcknowledgements 1 Introduction The potential for structure to enrich architecture Experiencing and reading structure Structure and its degree of exposure Book outline References and notes Two building studies British Record Industry Trust (BRIT) School Baumschulenweg Crematorium Summary References and notes Relationships between architectural and structural form Introduction Synthesis of architectural andstructural form Consonant forms Contrasting forms Summary References and notes Building exterior Introduction Aesthetic qualities Connecting the exterior to the interior Entry Expressive roles Summary References and notes Building function Introduction Maximizing functional flexibility Subdividing space Articulating circulation Disrupting function

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Summary References and notes 6 Interior structure Introduction Surface structure Spatial structure Expressive structure Summary References and notes Structural detailing Introduction Expressive and responsive detailing Aesthetic qualities of detailing Summary References and notes Structure and light IntroductionSource of light Maximizing light Modifier of light Modified by light Summary References and notes Representation and symbolism Introduction Representation Symbolism Summary References and notes Conclusions Introduction Transformative power of structure Structural diversity Implications for the architectural and structural engineering professions

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