Unit 1: Crime Busting Methods: DEATH PENALTY
Activity 1: Death Penalty Worldwide
Search the web to examine how death penalty is considered in other countries.
Select and supply 5 countries from each list that you consider of interest in each category. Check footnotes and make sure you understand the meaning of each category.
Activity 2: The Death Row inthe United States
Analyzing the graphic it’s possible to capture that during the time the executions by capital punishment had increased in the United States, showing its height in 1999.
Activity 3: Read the first page of the article “Death Penalty is not a proven deterrent to future murders” and answer:
a) What do you infer that is shown in the Ehrlich studies?
I deduce thatthe capital punishment is not an impediment for people at the time of committing murders but is a fact that States in the United States that do not employ the death penalty generally have lower murder rates than states that do.
b) What does the brutalization hypothesis tell us?
The brutalization hypothesis tells us that the use of the death penalty increases the likelihood of more murder.Even most supporters of the death penalty now place little or no weight on deterrence as a serious justification for its continued use
c) Why, according to this author, isn’t the death penalty a crime deterrent?
Because most people who commit murders either do not expect to be caught or do not carefully weigh the differences between a possible execution and life in prison before theyact. Frequently, murders are committed in moments of passion or anger, or by criminals who are substance abusers and acted impulsively.
d) What alternative to the death penalty is presented by this author?
He propose the threat of life imprisonment, because he thinks that once in prison, those serving life sentences often settle into a routine and are less of athreat to commit violence than other prisoners. Moreover, most states now have a sentence of life without parole.
Activity 4: Select the three strongest arguments pro and con and write them in the chart.
Arguments against death penalty | Arguments in pro of death penalty |Society is brutalized by the use of the death penalty, and this increases the likelihood of more murder.
There are carefully contemplated murders, such as murder for hire, where the possible penalty of death may well enter the cold calculus that precedes the decision to murder.
The death penalty is not a proven deterrent to future murders.
The U.S., with the death penalty, has a higher murderrate than the countries of Europe or Canada, which do not use the death penalty.
Activity 5: select the best option to answer the following questions.
1. Convicted of complicity in the murder and robbery of Mabel Monahan in Burbank, California, in March 1953, this woman was executed in the gas chamber at San Quentin prison. On her execution date, she was strapped into the gas chamber at10:00 a.m. - the cyanide pellets ready to drop into the container of sulfuric acid - when the phone rang. The Governor ordered the execution stopped. By 10:25 another phone call from the Governor ordered the execution to proceed. The prison attendants calmed her and got her strapped back into the chamber for her execution, and once again, the Governor halted the execution and she was removed fromthe chamber. The phone rang again at 11:18, and the execution was on again. She was pronounced dead at 11:42.
A. Karla Faye Tucker
2. Gary Gilmore, a convicted murderer on Utah's death row, had the distinction of being the first to be executed after the ban on executions was lifted by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1977. At that time, he had the choice from among several execution methods. Which...