Present Progressive Used to say what someone is doing now I am studyingEnglish now
Present Perfect Simple
Present Perfect Simple Used to show unfinished time I have studied English twice this week.
Present Perfect Progressive/Continuous
Present PerfectProgressive Used to say how long someone has been doing something. • I have been studying English for 2 years.
• I have been studying English since 1997.
The Past Tenses
Simple PastUsed to show a completed action • I studied English last Saturday.
Past Progressive Often used to say when something was being done or what was happening when somethingelse happened • I was studying English last Monday when my friend rang.
• I was studying English at 5pm last Monday.
Past Perfect Simple
Past Perfect Simple The past of have done. Used to saywhen something was done by. • I had done my English homework by 6.30 pm last Saturday.
• I had done my English homework by the time I ate dinner last Saturday.
Past Perfect Progressive/ContinuousPast Perfect Progressive The past of have been. Used to show how long something was done for by a certain time. • I'd been doing my English homework for 30 minutes when my friend rang lastSaturday.
• I'd been doing my English homework for 30 minutes by 1 pm last Saturday.
The Future Tenses
The future can be indicated in several different ways in English. It is often created with theuse of auxiliaries: "She will be a student.", "She is going to drive a new car."
English can even create the future by using the simple present (used for timetables,programs etc.), "The train arrivesat 10pm" or the present progressive (used for future plans), "He is collecting his mother from the station tonight."
Simple Future (uses will or shall or going to + base form)