Mohinder L. Nayyar, P.E.
The sixth edition of this Handbook was edited by
Mohindar L. Nayyar, P.E.
The ﬁfth edition of this Handbook was edited by
Reno C. King, B.M.E, M.M.E., D.Sc., P.E.
Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Assistant Dean, School of Engineering and Science, New York University Registered Professional Engineer The ﬁrst four editions ofthis Handbook were edited by
Sabin Crocker, M.E.
Fellow, ASME: Registered Professional Engineer
New York San Francisco Washington, D.C. Auckland Bogota ´ Caracas Lisbon London Madrid Mexico City Milan Montreal New Delhi San Juan Singapore Sydney Tokyo Toronto
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Nayyar, Mohinder L. Piping handbook / [editedby] Mohinder L. Nayyar.—7th ed. p. cm. ISBN 0-07-047106-1 1. Pipe—Handbooks, manuals, etc. 2. Pipe-ﬁtting—Handbooks, manuals, etc. I. Nayyar, Mohinder L.
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Robert B. Adams, President & CEO, Expansion Seal Technologies, 334 Godshall Drive, Harleysville, PA 19438-2008 (CHAP. B14) Charles L. Arnold, Principal Pipeline Consultant, 716 Hillside Avenue, Albany, CA 94706
Joel E. Aschenbrand, James S. Merritt Company, Lizell Building, Suite 202, P. O. Box 707, Montgomeryville,PA 18936-0707 (CHAP. C14) Daniel R. Avery, Technical Marketing Manager, Wyman-Gordon Forgings, Inc., Cameron Forged Product Division, P. O. Box 40456, Houston, TX 77240-0456 (CHAP. A5) Dr. Chakrapani Basavaraju, Engineering Specialist, Bechtel Corporation, 5275 Westview Drive, Frederick, MD 21703 (CHAP. B4 AND APPS. E2 AND E2M) Dr. Hans D. Baumann, Fisher Controls International, Inc., Portsmouth,NH 03801 (CHAP. A10) A. R. Belair, PRAXAIR, Inc., 175 East Park Drive, P.O. Box 44, Tonawanda, NY 141502053 (CHAP. C8) Paul A. Bourquin, Formerly Senior Vice President, Wolff & Munier, Inc., 50 Broadway, Hawthorne, NY 10532 (CHAP. C4) Thomas J. Bowling, P.E., Manager, Pipe Repair Product Line, Team Environmental Services, Inc., Alvin, TX 77512 (CHAP. B14) Gordon Britton, President, Integra...