The Mexican Republic have had many outstanding presidents, one of them was Gustavo Diaz Ordaz, he made great things to our country, such as a really strong economy and great relationships with EUA; but he also made wrong decisions, the incident in Tlatelolco was the worst, and it is also the fact that people remember Ordaz for eternity. In this inform, we willpresent information of his positives things, but also of his mistakes, his biography, his main difficulties and others.
Gustavo Díaz Ordaz (1911-1979) was president of Mexico from 1964 to 1970, a period of considerable world tension. He was born in San Andrés Chalchicomula, Puebla, on March 11, 1911; he was the son of a public accountant and a school teacher. He completed his basicschooling in Oaxaca, Guadalajara and Mexico City, then he returned to his home state, and received his law degree from the University of Puebla in 1937, after that he worked briefly as a public prosecutor.
After teaching law for two years he made his political debut as a congressman from his home state. But his national reputation began when he was brought into the government as the Directorof Legal Affairs in 1953. Five years later President Adolfo López Mateos named him Secretary of the Interior, a position that always has been considered to be a training ground for future Mexican presidents. In 1959 he stopped a strike of railroad workers and arrested a number of politicians. This was only the beginning of things to come.
When Díaz Ordaz was nominated by the "RevolutionaryInstitutional Party" for president in 1964 he had established a reputation for dedication, hard work, and efficiency. He was also reported to be the most conservative and inflexible official party candidate of the post-World War II period.
He died on 15 July 1979 in Mexico City because of colorectal cancer and asthma.
Gustavo Díaz Ordaz was president from 1964 to 1970, andhis most remembered facts are:
* End of bracero program.
* Foreign firms operate in Mexico on grand scale.
* Student unrest leads to Tlatelolco Massacre in 1968.
Gustavo Díaz Ordaz made great things to Mexico, he was worried about the forests, so he made a campaign against the illegal exploitation of the wood, making a lot of actions to made this possible.
Healso cared about the historic and artistic heritage of Mexico, the govern made effective actions to avoid that people stole or any other thing that could damage this heritage.
The economy of Mexico was better than ever, in sometimes he was even better than the American Dollar, the people felt a economic peace and prosperity.
President Diaz Ordaz had to face serious problems;differences inside of the PRI emerged, so many were indifferent to the elections. There were more rural people that move to the capital because of the living conditions.
In Sonora there were rebellions against the local government so the army had to do something.
There was a risk that Mexico could not be the host of the Olympics. From July to October 1968 hundreds of vandalism acts brokeout without reason. A long period of anxiety was lived and finally culminated in the bloody events of October 2nd in the Plaza of “Las Tres Culturas” in Tlatelolco.
The social movement of 1968 led to many serious problems that the Federal Judicial Branch had to confront, so the First Chamber of the Supreme Court of Justice was used as a constitutional resource: it punished the social crimedissolution.
However, this violation was a cause of serious social criticism by some outstanding teachers and specialists like Eduardo Pallares and Mario de la Cueva that after a short period of time, in 1970, was finally repealed.
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