Technology By Wayden
3D technology can be
traced all the way back to the beginning of photography. In 1844 David Brewster
invented the Stereoscope. It was a new invention that could take photographic
images in 3D. Later, Louis Jules Duboscq took that invention and improved on
it. Louis took a picture of Queen Victoria using the improved technology and
displayedit at the Great Exhibition in 1851. This picture became very well
known throughout the world. Steroscopic cameras started to catch on and became
fairly common for personal use by World War II.
In 1855 the
Kinematascope, a stereo animation camera, was invented. It was able to create
3d motion pictures. In 1915 the first anaglyph movie was produced. Anaglyph
technology used 3d glasses with 2different color lenses that would direct an
image to each eye. In 1890 William Friese-Greene, a British film pioneer, filed
a patent for the 3D movie process. In 1922 the first public 3D movie, "The
Power of Love", was displayed. In 1935 the first 3D Color movie was
produced. The use of the technology would remain dormant for over a decade.
In the 1950s, 3D
technology made a come back.During this era, TVs had become extremely popular
and had started appearing in many households. In the 50s a number of 3D movies
were being produced. In 1952 "Bwana Devil" by United Artists was
shown across the United States. This was the first 3D movie of the 50s. The
film was shot using a process called Natural Vision. This process was pitched
to Hollywood studios but they all passed. A yearlater, in 1953, "House of
Wax" was released in 3D. "Dial M for Murder" was originally planned
to be released in 3D, but Alfred Hitchcock decided to release the movie in 2D
to maximize profits. Not all movie theaters were equipped with the 3D
technology. 3D films were also being developed outside of the United States. In
1947 The Soviet Union released their first full length 3D movie, "RobinsonCrusoe".
In the 1960s a new
technology called Space-Vision 3D was released. This technology took two images
and printed them over each other on a single strip. Unlike previous 3D
technologies, it required a single projector with a special lens. This new
technology removed the need to use two cameras to display 3D movies. Two camera
systems were difficult to use, because it required thatthe two cameras were
perfectly synced. The first movie to use this technology was "The Bubble".
The movie was panned by critics, but the 3D experience still brought huge
audiences. It became a profitable movie, making the new technology ready for
promotion to other studios.
In 1970, Allan
Silliphant and Chris Condon developed Stereovision. This was a new 3D
technology that put two imagessqueezed together side by side on a single strip
of 35 mm film. This technology used a special anamorphic lens that would widen
the picture using a series of polaroid filters. The first movie to be released
in Stereovision was a softcore sex comedy called "The Stewardesses".
The movie cost only $100,000 USD to make and it earned an amazing $27 million
in North America.
In the early 1980smany
movies were released in 3D using the same process as Space Vision. Some of the
movies that were released were Amityville 3-D, Friday the 13th Part III, and
Jaws 3-D. In the mid 1980s, IMAX began producing documentary films in 3D.
IMAx's 3D technology emphasized mathmatical correctness and this eliminated the
eye fatigue that was seen in previous 3D technologies. In 1986, Canada haddeveloped the first 3D movie that used polarized glasses. It was called
"Echos of the Sun" and was created for Expo 86.
During the 1990s, many
films were released in IMAX 3D. The most succesful IMAX 3D film released during
this time was "Into the Deep". The first IMAX 3D fiction film,
"Wings of Courage" was released in 1996.
During the 2000s, many
big studio movies were released in 3D. In...