Idioma noruego

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Norwegischsprachbuch
Part One
[edit] Dialogue One
Arne: God Dag!
Bente: God Dag! Hvordan har du det?
Arne: Jeg har det bra, takk. Og du?
Bente: Bare bra, takk.
Arne: Hva gjør du?
Bente: Jeg studerer.

[edit] Vocabulary
Bare: Just/Only [bɑ.ɾə]
Bra: Good/Fine [bɾɑ:]
Dag: Day [dɑ:g]
Det: It [de]
Du: You [du]
Gjør: Doing [jøɾ]
God: Good [gu]
Har: Have [hɑ:ɾ]
Hva: What [vɑ:]Hvordan: How [vuɹ.dən]
Jeg: I [jæj]
Og: And [o]
Studerer: Studying [stu.dæ.ɾəɹ]
Takk: Thanks [tɑk]

[edit] Phrases
Hva gjør du? What are you doing?
Hvordan har du det? How are you? (literally: How do you have it?)
Jeg har det bra. I'm fine. (literally: I have it good)
God Dag: Good Day

[edit] Exercises
Translate the following words/phrases from Norwegian into English.
1. Jeg har det bra2. Du
3. Hva
4. God Dag
5. Takk
[edit] Extra Vocabulary
Here are a few more words which will increase your Norwegian vocabulary.
Engelsk: English [ɛn.jɛlsk]
Norsk: Norwegian [nɔʃk]
Norge: Norway [nɔɾ.gɛ]
Oslo: Oslo (The capital of Norway) [ɔʃ.lo]

[edit] Dialogue Two
You should be able to understand this conversation fairly well now.
Bente: God Dag!
Arne: God Dag! Hva gjør du?Bente: Jeg studerer.
Arne: Hva studerer du?
Bente: Jeg studerer norsk. Og du? Hva studerer du?
Arne: Jeg studerer engelsk.

[edit] Part Two
[edit] Dialogue Three
Emma: Hei! Jeg er norsk.
Bjørn: Hei, jeg er norsk også.
Emma: Hvor bor du?
Bjørn: Jeg bor i Oslo. Hvor bor du?
Emma: Jeg bor i Bergen, men jeg kommer fra Tromsø.
Bjørn: Hvor er Tromsø?
Emma: Tromsø er i Nord-Norge.

[edit]Vocabulary
Bergen: Bergen, A large city on the western coast of Norway [bæɾ.gɛn]
Bor: Live/Living [buɾ]
Er: Am/Are/Is [æɾ]
Fra: From [fɾɑ:]
Hei: Hi/Hello [hæj]
Hvor: Where [vuɾ]
I: In [i]
Kommer: Come/Coming [kɔ.mɛɾ]
Men: But [mɛn]
Nord: North [nuɾ]
Nord-Norge: North Norway [nuɾ nɔɾ.gɛ]
Også: Also [o.so]
Tromsø: Tromso, a city in far northern Norway. [tɾɔm.sø]

[edit] Phrases
Jeg kommerfra... I come from...
Jeg bor i... I live in...
Hvor kommer du fra? Where do you come from?
Hvor bor du? Where do you live?
[edit] Gender
In Norwegian, every noun (a person, place, thing, or idea) has a gender assigned to it. There are three genders in Norwegian - Masculine, Feminine, and Neuter. There are very few feminine nouns used in Norwegian, and many people simply treat them asmasculine nouns, so in this course, we will combine the masculine and feminine genders into the "common gender".
Below are two nouns - One neuter noun, one common noun.

Vin: Wine [vin]
Øl: Beer [øl]

Vin is common, and Øl is neuter. Why does this matter? It matters because it affects the way you treat these words. An example is with the Norwegian word for "one", which can either be "én" or "ett".En vin: A wine [æn vin]
Et øl: A beer [æt øl]

Common gender words use "en" for one, while Neuter gender words use "et" for one. We will cover more on gender later.
[edit] Forming Questions
To form a question in Norwegian, invert the verb and noun. For instance...
Du kommer fra: You come from (A statement) Kommer du fra: Do you come from (lit: come you from) (A question)
You can alsoform a question by adding a question word (what, where, who, etc). So far, you have learned the words "hvordan", "hva", and "hvor".
Hva lærer du? What are you learning? Hvordan har du det? How are you? Hvor kommer du fra? Where do you come from?

[edit] Exercises
Turn the following statements into questions.
1. Du er norsk.
2. Jeg er engelsk.
3. Du bor i Bergen.
4. Du har det bra.
5. Dustuderer engelsk i London.
6. Jeg kommer fra Norge.
[edit] Extra Vocabulary
(En) Kaffe: Coffee [kɑ.fə]
(En) Fisk: Fish [fisk]
(Et) Kjøtt: Meat [çøt]
Liker: Like/Likes [li.kəɾ]
[edit] Dialogue Four
You should be able to understand the following dialogue given your current knowledge of Norwegian.
Emma: God Dag! Hvordan har du det?
Bjørn: Bare bra, takk. Og du?
Emma: Jeg har det bra. Hva...
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