(San Pablo Guelatao, México, 1806-Mexico City, 1872) is a Mexican politician. Son of Marcelino Juarez and Brigida Garcia, marriage humble Indian, Benito Juarez was orphaned as a child and pursued his studies in his hometown.
He was twenty years old when he entered the Oaxaca Institute of Science, where he graduated in law. His concern for social reality and inparticular the situation of farmers led him to express his liberal views and actively participate in politics.
In 1831 Benito Juárez was elected alderman of the city of Oaxaca and the following year, a deputy to the State Congress. The energy with which he defended the interests he represented in 1846 brought him become deputy from Oaxaca to the Congress. A year later he was appointed governor ofhis home state, a position he held until 1852
His opposition to the treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, by which Mexico lost vast areas of its territory for U.S. channel found on the Liberal and the defense of a federal project. However, the Conservatives took power in 1853, commanded by General Santa Anna, Juárez was forced into exile in Cuba.
After two years he returned and joined the planAyutla, whose signatories included generals Villarreal, Comonfort and Alvarez. By winning the pronouncement was appointed Minister of State and, under the presidency of Ignacio Comonfort, Minister of Justice. As such a series of laws passed that restored the freedom of education, printing and work and annulled the privileges of the clergy and the military.
Their laws, which inspired the 1857Constitution, of a liberal, prompted the reaction of the conservatives, who were delivered the following year in the plan Tacubaya. Comonfort negotiated with them, was a coup and imprisoned Juarez, which was the trigger for the Reform war. As president of the Supreme Court, Juarez, who had managed to escape, became the legitimate president, according to the Constitution, and established the government inVeracruz.
From here issued the Reform Laws and proclaimed a Constitution more radical than the previous. With the help of the United States finally defeated the Liberals to the Conservatives in 1860. However, the serious economic difficulties the country was going was forced to suspend payment of external debt. This measure led to the intervention of the United Kingdom, Spain and France in 1861.The promises of Juarez determined the withdrawal of the first two powers, but France, in collusion with the conservatives, invaded Mexico in 1863.
With the establishment of the empire of Maximilian, the year after Benito Juárez retreated to Paso del Norte and from there he organized the resistance. After three years of war entered the capital and ordered to shoot Maximilian in Querétaro. With thecountry impoverished and disunited, was reelected for the seventh time in August 1867, restored the Federal Republic and, while giving effect to the reform laws, adopted several measures to strengthen presidential authority.
This fact and the fear that seek to perpetuate themselves in office, led to the reaction within his own party. Despite the economic difficulties of the hostility ofCongress and numerous statements, in 1872 he was again reelected Juárez. Lerdo de Tejada, who had founded the party Lerdista, allied to Porfirio Diaz and together they rose up against Juarez revolt that could be put down. After his death, because of a heart attack, Congress declared it Benefactor of the Fatherland and the Americas.
Biografía de Benito Juárez
(San Pablo Gualato, México, 1806-Ciudadde México, 1872) Político mexicano. Hijo de Marcelino Juárez y Brígida García, matrimonio indígena de humilde condición, Benito Juárez quedó huérfano siendo niño y cursó sus primeros estudios en su pueblo natal.
Tenía veinte años cuando ingresó en el Instituto de Ciencias de Oaxaca, donde se licenció en derecho. Su preocupación por la realidad social y en particular por la situación de los...