Infinitive

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THE INFINITIVE
1. Form
The infinitive is the base form of a verb. It may be preceded by 'to' (the to-infinitive) or stand alone (the base orzero infinitive).
2. Infinitive with or without 'to'
after: | the first | Gagarin was the first to fly in a spaceship. |
| the last | Peter was the last to watch the film. |
| the next | He isthe next to get his passport. |

after: | adjectives | I'm happy to be here. |
| | It's better not to smoke. |

after: | certain verbs
(agree, choose, forget, hope, learn, promise, regret,want, …) | I learn to drive a car. |

after: | question words | I don't know what to say. |
| | Can you tell me how to get to the bus stop? |
after: | certain verbs
(agree, choose,forget, hope, learn, promise, regret, want, …) | I learn to drive a car. |
after: | certain verbs
(agree, choose, forget, hope, learn, promise, regret, want, …) | I learn to drive a car. |
| | |To express | purpose | I ‘ll go to the airport to meet my sister. |
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THE ZERO INFINITIVE
Thezero infinitive is used:
after auxiliaries/modals
can | He can run very fast. |
could | As a boy he could run very fast. |
may | I may fly to Africa this summer. |
might | I might fly toAfrica this summer. |
must | I must go now. |
mustn't | You mustn't smoke here. |
needn't | You needn't go. |
shall | We shall sing a song. |
should | We should sing a song. |
will | She willcook a meal for his birthday. |
would | She would cook a meal for his birthday. |
after the following expressions:
had better | You had better clean up your room. |
would rather | Susan wouldrather study for her exam tomorrow. |
would sooner | I would sooner read a book than watch this film. |

EXERCISES
Complete the sentences using infinitive constructions.
* She didn't tell me...
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