Ingles comparativos y superlativos

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COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES

Comparatives are used to compare two tings:
A > B

Adjective + er
More + adjective + than

Example:

Carl is 175 cm tall. Susan is 182 cm tall. Carl is tallerthan John.

The Labrador is bigger than the Chihuahua.

We follow these rules when forming comparatives:

Adjective form Comparative

Only one syllable, ending in e: nice, cute, wideAdd r: nicer, cuter, wider

Only one syllable, with one consonant and one Double the consonant and
Vowel at the end: big, hot, fat add er: bigger, fatter, hotter

Only one syllablewith more than one consonant Add er: cleaner, faster,
Or more than one vowel at the end: clean, fast, bright. Brighter.

Two syllables, ending in y: heavy, lazy, happy. Change the y to iand add er:
Heavier, lazier, happier.

Exceptions: good, far better, farther/further.

Some verbs become adjectives in their gerund form (ing): Gerunds as adjectives.
Someexamples are: Interest, frighten = interesting, frighten.

If the verb ends in e you have to remove it before you put ing.
Amaze, bore = amazing, boring.

For words with two or more syllablesnot ending in Y, we form the comparasion using more….than.

Exception: the word fun is an exception to the rule:
Soccer is funner than baseball. Incorrect
Soccer is more fun than the baseball.Correct

Superlatives are used to compare two or more things
A > B, C, D, E

The + adjective + es
The most + adjective

Example:
Rafael, Luis and Juan are all brothers:
Rafael is the tallest:Rafael is taller than Luis and Juan.
Juan is the youngest: Juan is younger than both Rafael and Luis.
Luis is the most intelligent: Luis is more intelligent than both Rafael and Juan.

The rules forforming superlatives are the same as comparatives. The only difference is that you add est and the most.

Excercises:

I. Use an adjective from the list to make a comparison (comparatives,...
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