Comparatives are used to compare two tings:
A > B
Adjective + er
More + adjective + than
Carl is 175 cm tall. Susan is 182 cm tall. Carl is tallerthan John.
The Labrador is bigger than the Chihuahua.
We follow these rules when forming comparatives:
Adjective form Comparative
Only one syllable, ending in e: nice, cute, wideAdd r: nicer, cuter, wider
Only one syllable, with one consonant and one Double the consonant and
Vowel at the end: big, hot, fat add er: bigger, fatter, hotter
Only one syllablewith more than one consonant Add er: cleaner, faster,
Or more than one vowel at the end: clean, fast, bright. Brighter.
Two syllables, ending in y: heavy, lazy, happy. Change the y to iand add er:
Heavier, lazier, happier.
Exceptions: good, far better, farther/further.
Some verbs become adjectives in their gerund form (ing): Gerunds as adjectives.
Someexamples are: Interest, frighten = interesting, frighten.
If the verb ends in e you have to remove it before you put ing.
Amaze, bore = amazing, boring.
For words with two or more syllablesnot ending in Y, we form the comparasion using more….than.
Exception: the word fun is an exception to the rule:
Soccer is funner than baseball. Incorrect
Soccer is more fun than the baseball.Correct
Superlatives are used to compare two or more things
A > B, C, D, E
The + adjective + es
The most + adjective
Rafael, Luis and Juan are all brothers:
Rafael is the tallest:Rafael is taller than Luis and Juan.
Juan is the youngest: Juan is younger than both Rafael and Luis.
Luis is the most intelligent: Luis is more intelligent than both Rafael and Juan.
The rules forforming superlatives are the same as comparatives. The only difference is that you add est and the most.
I. Use an adjective from the list to make a comparison (comparatives,...