Ingles

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Simple Present

Simple present is also called present simple.

The simple present expresses an action in the present taking place once, never or several times. It is also used for actions that take place one after another and for actions that areset by a timetable or schedule. The simple present also expresses facts in the present.

be
Use:
▪ Am wiht the personal pronoun II▪ Is with the personal pronouns he, she or it (or with singular form of nouns)
▪ Are with the personal pronouns you, we or they (or with plural form of nouns)

Example: I am hungry.
| |affirmative |negative |question |
|I |I am |I am not|Am I? |
|He/she/it |He is |He is not |Is he? |
|You/we/they |You are |You are not |Are you? |

Have
Use:
▪ Have with the personal pronouns I, you, we, they (or withplural form of nouns)
▪ Has with the personal pronouns he, she, it (or with singular form of nouns)

| |positiv |negativ |Question |
|I/you/we/they |I have got. /I have |I have not got/I do not have |Have I got? /do Ihave? |
|He/she/it |He has got. /he has |He has not got/he does not has |Has he got? / does he has |

All other verbs
Use:
▪ The infinite verb (play) wiht the personal pronouns I, you, we, they (or with plural form of nouns)
▪ The verb + s (plays) with the personal pronouns he, she, it (or withsingular form of nouns)

| |affirmative |negative |question |
|I/you/we/they |I play |I do not play |Do I plays? |
|He/she/it |He plays |He does not plays |Does he plays?|

The verbs can, may, might, must remain the same in all forms. So don´t add s.
Example: he can, she may, it must

Verbs ending in o or a sibilant (ch, sh, s, x) add es instead of s.
Example: do-he does, wash-she washes

A final y after a consonant becomes ei before s.
Example: worry-he worries

But: A final y after a vowei (a, e , i, o, u) is not modified
Example:play-he plays
|Statements with be; possessive adjectives |
|Contractions of be |Possessive adjectives |
|I´m = I am/I have= I´ve |My|
|you´re = you are |Your |
|he´s = he is |His |
|she´s = she is |Her ||it´s = it is |Its |
|we´re = we are |Our |
|They´re = they are |Their |...
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