have/has been + past participle
had been + past participle
Present Perfect Active:
I have mailed the postcard.
Jasonhas mailed the postcards.
Present Perfect Passive:
The postcard has been mailed by me.
The postcards have been mailed by Jack.
Past Perfect Active:
Steven Spielberg had directed themovie.
Penny Marshall had directed those movies.
Past Perfect Passive:
The movie had been directed by Steven Spielberg.
The movies had been directed by Penny Marshall.
John will have finished the project next month.
They will have finished the projects before then.
Future Perfect Passive:
The project will have beenfinished by next month.
The projectswill have been finished before then.
The passive form follows this pattern:
modal + be + past participle
WILL / WON'T (WILL NOT) Active:
Sharon will invite Tomto the party.
Sharon won't invite Jeff to the party.
(Sharon will not invite Jeff to the party.)
WILL / WON'T (WILL NOT) Passive:
Tom will be invited to the party by Sharon.
Jeffwon't be invited to the party by Sharon.
(Jeff will not be invited to the party by Sharon.)
CAN / CAN'T (CAN NOT) Active:
Mai can foretell the future.
Terry can't foretell the future.(Terry can not foretell the future.)
CAN / CAN'T (CAN NOT) Passive:
The future can be foretold by Mai.
The future can't be foretold by Terry.
(The future can not be foretold by Terry.)MAY / MAY NOT and
MIGHT / MIGHT NOT Active:
That company may offer Katya a new contract.
That company might offer Katya a new contract.
The lazy students may not do the homework.The lazy students might not do the homework.
MAY / MAY NOT and
MIGHT / MIGHT NOT Passive:
Katya may be offered a new contract.
Katya might be offered a new contract.