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* We can use will + the infinitive (without to) to refer to the future. Will is usually shortened in speech and informal writing to ‘ll. The negative of will is won’t
* We use will to talk about future events that we see as facts:
* In June we will launch our two new models
* Next year I’ll be 23
* We use will to talk about future beliefs:
* Mosteconomists think that the market will improve in the next couple of years
* We can add perhaps/maybe or probably to make the belief less certain. Probably comes after will but before won’t:
* He’ll probably agree with you
* He probably won’t agree with you

* We can use will with an introductory phrase to give other meanings. For example, a personal opinion (I think) or ahope (I hope):
* I think we’ll probably open a branch in France next year
* I hope he’ll agree with you
* Will can be used for instant decisions and thoughts that come into your head at the moment of speaking:
* There are too many people in there, I’ll wait for you outside
* I didn’t know it was so urgent. I’ll phone you tomorrow to give you the information* I think I’ll stop now

Going to
* We use the verb be +going to +the infinitive to make a connection between the present and the future
* We use going to for plans and intentions. These are things we have already decided to do:
* I think that banks are going to lower interest rates
* I’m going to call Mr Smith this afternoon
* We’re going to open a new factory inPoland this summer
* We use going to in order to make predictions when there is some evidence in the present situation:
* Drive carefully, it’s going to rain heavily tomorrow (I’ve listened to the weather forecast).
* I think we are going to lose this deal (I’ve just heard some bad news)

Present continuous
* We can use the present continuous tense to talk about things wehave arranged to do in the future. There is nearly always a time expression in the sentence:
* Ann is leaving the office tomorrow morning
* HSBC are moving to new premises next year
* The arrangements are often social arrangements or appointments:
* What are you doing on Tuesday afternoon?
* I’m seeing Jack at two pm, and after that I’m meeting my bank managerWill or Going to?
* Will is used for instant decisions. Going to is used for plans and intentions. Compare:
* OK, I know what to do. I’ll call Jane (instant decision)
* Do you have the information for Jane? I’m going to call her this afternoon (an intention)
* Will is used for general beliefs, opinions, hopes and things the speaker sees as facts:
* I’m sure thecustomers will like our design
* In the future, more people will work from home
Will or Going to?
* When Will is used with a phrase like I think and/or words like probably then the belief/opinion becomes less certain, like a prediction:
* I think you’ll like this idea
* The world will probably end in about five billion years
But if there is strong evidence inthe present situation then going to is usually used for predictions
* I think it’s going to rain (I can see black clouds)
* We are going to make a loss on this project (I have calculations in front of me)
There are occasions when we can use either form:
* In my presentation I’ll talk / I’m going to talk about...

Going to or present continuous?
* For futureplans and arrangements there is often little difference between going to and the present continuous:
* I’m going to present / I’m presenting my resignation to the position of Marketing Manager on Friday
* Going to can suggest that the details of the arrangement have not been totally finalised. The present continuous can suggest that the arrangements are more fixed, with a given time...
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