Isla del coco

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DIEGO
The Island |
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Cocos Island, 532 km. southeast of Puntarenas, Costa Rica, is an oceanic island of volcanic origin, with a land surface of 24 square km. |
Declarations |

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For its size, isolation, and state of conservation, Cocos Island constitutes one of the most privileged natural sites in the world. With an important endemism and a unique biologicaldiversity, the island can be catalogued as a natural laboratory, ideal for conducting research about the evolution of the species and for long-term monitoring of the environment |

Location and Size
CocosIsland first appears on a world map in 1542 as the Ysle de Coques. It was discovered in 1526 by the Spanish navigator Johan Cabeças. It is located in the central eastern area of the Pacific Ocean,facing the Gulf of Panama, in an area the Spanish called the South Sea during the exploration and colonization.
Weather
  The annual average maximum temperatures reached 27.6 º C, whereas the minimumtemperature is 23.1 º C. Many rain and clouds.

LUIS
Flora

The flora corresponds to the diversity of plant species in a specific area. The flora of Cocos Island is related to that of thecontinent, particularly with that of Central America and northern part of South America, and was dispersed by migrant birds, winds, ocean currents and floating materials.
Fauna

There are no indigenousland mammals on Cocos Island. The only five that now live on the island are rats, pigs, cats, goats and white tail deer, which were introduced in the recent past by humans, either intentionally oraccidentally. The wild pigs and the rats are a real problem because of their negative impact on the environment and on biological diversity. Some kind of control or management program is needed.
Illegalfishing
Illegal fishing takes place in different ways: sport fishing and hunting; extraction of lobsters and cabrilla, which are endemic to the island; and above all, unselective and destructive...
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