Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador |
Flag | Coat of arms |
Motto: Quaerite prime regnum Dei
English: Seek yefirst the kingdom of God (Matthew 6:33) |
Capital | St. John's |
Official languages | English |
Type | Constitutional monarchy |
Monarch | Elizabeth II |
Flower | Pitcher plant |Tree | Black Spruce |
Bird | Atlantic Puffin |
Newfoundland and Labrador is the easternmost province of Canada. It incorporates the island of Newfoundland and mainland Labrador. The Island ofNewfoundland has its own dialects of English, French, and Irish. Newfoundland and Labrador's capital and largest city, St. John's
The name Newfoundland is derived from English as "New Found Land" (atranslation from theLatin Terra Nova). The origin of Labrador is credited to both João Fernandes Lavrador.
The oldest accounts of European contact was made over athousand years ago as described in the Viking. The Archaeological evidence of a Norse settlement was found in L'Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland, which was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1978.The Portuguese mariner João Fernandes Lavrador visited the north Atlantic coast, Subsequently, in 1501 and 1502 the Corte-Real brothers explored Newfoundland and Labrador, claiming them as part ofthe Portuguese Empire.
Sir Humphrey Gilbert, provided with letters patent from Queen Elizabeth I, landed in St John's in August 1583, and formally took possession of the island.
Colony of Newfoundland1610–1728
Newfoundland became one of the first permanent English colonies in the New World. From 1610 to 1728, Proprietary Governors were appointed to establish colonial settlements on the island.Explorers soon realized that the waters around Newfoundland had the best fishing in the North Atlantic. A triangular trade with New England, the West Indies, and Europe gave Newfoundland an...