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B. Summary of evidence 500-600 (1160)

Historical and Political facts
1810
May 25
May Revolution
In Buenos Aires, was declared a body representing the popular will and trustee of sovereignty to the council and formed the first governing board. So begins the independence process of Argentina.

1813
February 3
Battle of San Lorenzo
The Triumvirate ordered San Martin to protect the coastof Paraná from Spain landing. The fleet plans to land at the Monastery of San Carlos, San Lorenzo. In combat the riot is imposed quickly.
1816
July 9
Declaration of Independence
In May 1815 a statute was sanctioned, that demands a Provisional Constitutional Congress. On July 9, 1816, on a meeting in San Miguel de Tucuman, Congress declared independence of the United Provinces in SouthAmerica. However, due to internal tensions, the policy of government wasn’t established.
1819
May 25
Constitution of 1819
The Constitution of 1819, drafted by the Congress of Tucumán-established by then in Buenos Aires, had a unitary nature. The order was strongly rejected by the provinces. As a result, It was hardly aplied.
1820
February 23
Treaty of Pilar
Pact signed in Pilar (Buenos Aires)between the governor of Buenos Aires, Manuel de Sarratea, and two of the governors of the Federal League: Estanislao López (Santa Fe) and Francisco Ramirez (Entre Rios). It proclaimed the national union and the federal system. This treaty is one of the Preexisting pacts that is mention on the preamble of Argentina constitution.

1826
February 7
Bernardino Rivadavia was pronounced president
Thiswas the rise of Unitarianism. His policies were highly resisted by the federal opposition commanded by general Manuel Dorrego.
1828
December 13
Execution of Dorrego
Manuel Dorrego was one of the leading figures of federalism and was the first governor killed in the Rio de la Plata. He was defeated by Juan Lavalle, who dissolved the legislature and replaced it by an advisory council. Dorregojoined General Rosas and tried to defend himself but was defeated at the Battle of Navarro and subsequently shot.
1829
December 8
Rise of Juan Manuel de Rosas
Juan Manuel de Rosas is proclaimed governor of the province of Buenos Aires and as "Restorer of the Laws and Institutions of the Province of Buenos Aires." They give "all regular and special powers thought necessary, until the meetingfor the establishment of a new legislature"He would be at the command of the country for 24 years.
1831
January 4
Federal Pact
Treaty signed by the provinces of Buenos Aires, Entre Rios and Santa Fe, which was an offensive and defensive alliance between the federal provinces to deal with the newly formed Unitarian League. The province of Corrientes would later join the treaty. In fact, theFederal Pact served as Argentina's Constitution until the enactment of the definitive one in 1852.
1835
March 7
Second Government of Juan Manuel de Rosas
The Legislature appointed him governor of Buenos Aires, giving to him in the same act "special powers" and the "control of public power," that is the representation and exercise of the three branches of government without having to reportanything. Moreover, the Governor's mandate extended to five years
1836
December 18
The Customs law.
This law marks the emergence of the nationalization policy of Rosas. its also the first record of a national political economy. Therefore, its political and economic importance is undeniable. In essence, the Customs law mixed the rancher-export economy profile of the provinces that are “La Pampa” withthe industrial profile of the provinces of the interior of the country.
1840
September 24
The Coalition of North
It was an alliance of the provinces of Cordoba, La Rioja, Catamarca, Tucumán, Salta and Jujuy to oppose Rosas goverment. The confrontation ended in a long war between warlords who ruled in favor of the actual president and the hegemony of Buenos Aires over the provinces. The...
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