Martin Luther King
Martin Luther King, Jr. (Atlanta, January 15, 1929 - Memphis, April 4, 1968) was an American pastor of the Baptist church he developed a crucial role in the U.S. at the forefront of the movement for civil rights for African Americans and also participated as an activist in numerous protests against the Vietnam War and poverty ingeneral.
For this activity aimed at ending the American apartheid and racial discrimination through non-violent means, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.
Four years later, at a time when his work was based mainly on opposition to war and poverty, was assassinated in Memphis, he was preparing to lead a demonstration.
Most of the rights claimed by the movement largely be legally issuedwith the approval of the Civil Rights Act and the Act the right to vote.
King is remembered as one of the greatest leaders and heroes of American history, and in the modern history of nonviolence. He was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Jimmy Carter in 1977 and the Congressional Gold Medal of the United States in 2004.
Since 1986, the Martin Luther King Day is aholiday in the United States.
Barack Obama II
Born in Honolulu, USA, August 4, 1961.
It is the forty-fourth and current president of the United States of America. Obama was a senator from Illinois since January 3, 2005 until his resignation on November 16, 2008. Also, is the fifth African-American legislator in the United States Senate, third from the era of reconstruction. It was also thefirst black candidate of the Democratic Party and is the first to exercise the presidency.
He graduated from Columbia University and the prestigious School of Law Harvard Law School, where he was president of the Harvard Law Review Law Review. He then worked as a community organizer and practiced his career as a civil rights lawyer before being elected and serving as a state senator from Illinoisfrom 1997 to 2004. He was professor of constitutional law in law school at the University of Chicago from 1992 to 2004. In 2000 he lost the race for a seat in the House of Representatives of the United States, and after previous failure in January 2003 announced his candidacy for U.S. Senate. In March 2004, won the Democratic primaries, and in July the same year delivered the keynote address at theDemocratic National Convention favoring promoting his candidacy. Finally he was elected to the Senate in November 2004 with 70% of the votes.
As a representative of the Democratic minority in the 109. Congress, co-sponsored the legislation to control conventional weapons and to promote greater public accountability in the use of federal funds. Made official trips to Eastern Europe, Middle Eastand Africa. In the 110th Congress sponsored legislation regarding lobbying and electoral fraud, global warming, nuclear terrorism and care of military personnel returning to the nation's military missions in Iraq and Afghanistan. Since announcing his presidential campaign in February 2007, Obama has emphasized ending the Iraq War, increasing energy independence and providing universal health careas major priorities.
On February 10, 2007 announced his candidacy for president of the United States and the June 3, 2008 became the party nominee Demócrata.10 In the general election Nov. 4, 2008, became President-elect after beating the Republican presidential candidate John McCain and took up his duties as the 44th president on January 20, 2009.
On 9 October of that year he was awarded theNobel Peace Prize for his diplomatic efforts towards nuclear disarmament, the achievement of a peace process in the Middle East and promotion of the fight against climate change .}
Powell fue soldado profesional durante 35 años, durante los cuales desempeñó un sinnúmero de cargos de mando y de plana mayor y ascendió hasta el rango de General de Cuatro Estrellas. De diciembre de...