Maximiliano Hernández Martínez (October 21, 1882, San Matías, La Libertad – May 15, 1966, Hacienda Jamastrán, Honduras) [1] was the President of El Salvador from 1931 to 1944. Serving as PresidentArturo Araujo's Vicepresident and Defence minister, a Directorate seized power during a palace coup and after named General Hernadez president of El Salvador. Military personnel was not paid theirsalary. Many times this story about the military not being paid is not told in school, instead the sole reason of the coup d'état is blamed in the fall in the prices of coffee abroad. The reality is thatofficers were not paid and Finance Minister had only paid the Police which remained loyal to the president. Officers were angry and ousted president Araujo.

An ardent fascist, Hernández Martínez leda military government that actively suppressed opposition, most notably the Salvadoran peasant revolt of 1932 led by Farabundo Martí, where thousands of indigenous Salvadoran people weresystematically murdered if they were suspected of collaboration with the communists. This massacre came to be known as La Matanza, and the specific number of victims is unknown but estimates range from 10,000 to40,000. He also created a racial law to keep blacks from entering the country. The 1939 Constitution, however, gave voting rights to women for the first time.

Hernández Martínez was a believer infringe occultism. When a smallpox epidemic broke out in San Salvador he had colored lights hung around the city, in the belief that this would cure the disease. He also believed in reincarnation andonce said that "It is a greater crime to kill an ant than a man, for when a man dies he becomes reincarnated, while an ant dies forever."

His government was supported and financed by the UnitedStates, and military aid was offered if needed.[2]

During his tenure, El Salvador saw slight economic growth, and he was admired by the wealthy elite for returning a form of stability to the country... [continua]

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