The origins of the gods ofancient Greek religion are described in the Theogony, the famous poem of the Greek writer Hesiod (around 700 BC) and the Library of Apollodorus.
The creation of the gods needs to be divided into four parts:
The Coming into Existence of Chaos
First there was Chaos, a rough unordered mass of things, also considered as a void. Chaos was followed byGaea (Earth) and Eros(Desire), who came to cancelevery logical thought or act. Gaea then brought Uranus (the Heaven), Pontus (the Sea) and the Mountains to the world.
The Castration of Uranus
Uranus' task was to surround and cover Gaea with his starry coat, however, it very soon came to a union between Uranus and Gaea and they became the first divine couple in the world.
Gaea bore Uranus twelve Titans and furthermore three Cyclops,Brontes, Steropes and heady Arges, and three Hecatonchires(Hundred-Handed creatures).
Uranus was fearful of his children overthrowing him, so he pushed his children back one by one into the womb of Gaea. His wife Gaea was in deep grief and sorrow over the loss of her own children, so in the end she handed a sickle to her son Cronus, the youngest of the Titans, in order to castrate his father.Cronus castrated his father while he was sleeping; the blood from Uranus was collected by Mother Earth Gaea and she produced Erinyes (Furies), Giants and Melian nymphs. Cronus then threw his father's genitals into the sea, around which foams developed, that started in Kythera and then slowly made their way to the island ofPaphos. In Paphos, the foams transformed into Aphrodite, the Olympian goddess ofLove and Beauty.
Zeus' Escape from the Threat of Cronus
Soon afterwards, Cronus rescues his brothers and sisters and shares the World (Cosmos) with them. He then marries Rhea and together they created children who later on would become the Olympian gods. But Cronus developed the same fear as his father so he started to swallow his own children as well.
Rhea was highly discomforted so, onher attempt to save her youngest child,Zeus, she deceived Cronus by giving a huge stone to swallow. To protect her son afterwards, Rhea then sent Zeus to Crete.
4. The Victorious Battle of the Olympian Gods against the Titans(Titanomachy)
Zeus grew up in Crete, fed by the goat Amaltheia and been taken good care of by the Nymphs. When he reached manhood, as prophesied, Zeus rescued his five elderbrothers and sisters and then made war on his father and the Titans, also known as "Titanomachy". In this battle, Zeus succeeded in overthrowing Cronus, casting him and the other titans into the depths of the Underworld. A huge battle with the Giants followed, where the Olympian Gods excelled and then time had come for the Olympian gods to rule the world.
Theogony » Chaos
According to theHesiod's Theogony (around 700 BC), in the beginning there was Chaos as a primeval state of existence. Chaos was the primal emptiness- a dark, silent, formless and infinite oddity with no trace of life.
Out of Chaos, Mother Earth Gaea first came to existence. Full of life and power, Gaea created high mountains, low lands, rivers, lakes and seas. Soon Chaos created Tartarus, the embodiment of theUnderworld who built his home deep below the World of Gaea. Gaea and Tartarus united and created Typhoeus(Typhoon), an appalling, fire breathing dragon with hundred heads.
Then, out of Chaos love appeared in the form of Eros, who was the most handsome of all greek gods and invincible by nature. Chaos also gave birth to Erebus, the symbolization of the dark silence, and Nyx, the embodiment of the...