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  • Publicado : 26 de enero de 2012
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La Voz Activa y Pasiva  |

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Podemos enfocar la acción del verbo en el sujeto (voz activa) o en el objeto (voz pasiva). |
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Ejemplos : |
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Voz Activa : The porter carries the bags. = el portero lleva los bolsos |
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Voz Pasiva : The bags are carried by the porter. = los bolsos son llevados por el portero  |
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  | Reglas gramaticales |  |
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La voz pasiva se forma utilizando el verbo to be + el verbo principal en participio (past participle) |
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Para transformar una oración activa a pasiva tenemos en cuenta los siguientes puntos: |
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El objeto de la oración activa pasa a ser el sujeto de la pasiva |
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El verbo principal se sustituye por el auxiliar "to be", en su mismo tiempo, junto al verbo principal enparticipio. |
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El sujeto de la oración principal pasa a ser complemento agente de la pasiva |
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Si hacemos mención en la oración al sujeto que realiza la acción (sujeto agente), éste irá normalmente introducido por la preposición by. |
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Tabla de cambios verbales en la transformación de Voz Activa a Voz Pasiva  |
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Tomando en cuenta los puntos anteriormente mencionados, eneste esquema vemos los cambios que sufre el tiempo verbal de una oración activa al ser transformada a oración pasiva. |
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Tiempo | Frase Activa | Frase pasiva |   |

present | I write a letter | The letter is written |
present continuous | I'm writing a letter | The letter is being written |
past | I wrote a letter | The letter was written |
past continuous | I was writing a letter| The letter was being written |
present perfect | I've written a letter | The letter has been written |
past perfect | I had written a letter | The letter had been written |
future | I will write a letter | The letter will be written |
future II | I'm going to write a letter | The letter is going to be written |
modals | I have to write a letter | The letter has to be written |modals | I should write a letter | The letter should be written |
modals | I must write a letter | The letter must be written |

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Los tiempos verbales del inglés en voz activa (presente, pasado, futuro, condicionales, etc.) con ejemplos traducidos al español.
Present - What happens? I work - I am working Present Perfect - What has happened? I have worked - I have been working

Past -What happened? I worked - I was working Past Perfect - What had happened? I had worked - I had been working

Future - What will happen? I will work - I will be working Future Perfect - What will have happened? I will have worked - I will have been working

Future (going to) - What is going to happen? I am going to work - I am going to be working Future Perfect (going to) - What is going tohave happened? I am going to have worked - I am going to have been working

Future in Past - What was going to happen? I was going to work - I was going to be working Future Perfect in Past - What was going to have happened? I was going to have worked - I was going to have been working

Conditional - What would happen? I would work - I would be working Conditional Perfect- What would havehappened? I would have worked - I would have been working

Modals - What (could, must, should, …) happen? I (could, must, …) work - I (could, must, should, …) be working Modals + Have - What (could, must, should, …) have happened? I (could, …) have worked - I (could, must, should, …) have been working

Imperatives - Make it happpen! - Let's make it happen! Work!. Let's work!

CARACTERISTICAS|
1. Se dice que una oración está en VOZ ACTIVA cuando la significación del verbo es producida por la persona gramatical a quien aquél se refiere:
Pedro de Mendoza founded Buenos Aires.
(Pedro de Mendoza fundó Buenos Aires). |
2. Se dice que una oración está en VOZ PASIVA cuando la significación del verbo es recibida por la persona gramatical a quien aquél se refiere:
Buenos Aires was...
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