337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing
Industries in the Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing subsector make furniture and related articles, such as mattresses, window blinds,cabinets, and fixtures. The processes used in the manufacture of furniture include the cutting, bending, molding, laminating, and assembly of such materials as wood, metal, glass, plastics, andrattan. However, the production process for furniture is not solely bending metal, cutting and shaping wood, or extruding and molding plastics. Design and fashion trends play an important part in theproduction of furniture. The integrated design of the article for both esthetic and functional qualities is also a major part of the process of manufacturing furniture. Design services may be performed bythe furniture establishments work force or may be purchased from industrial designers.
Furniture may be made of any material, but the most common ones used in North America are metal and wood.Furniture manufacturing establishments may specialize in making articles primarily from one material. Some of the equipment required to make a wooden table, for example, is different from that used to makea metal one. However, furniture is usually made from several materials. A wooden table might have metal brackets, and a wooden chair a fabric or plastics seat. Therefore, in NAICS, furnitureinitially is classified based on the type of furniture (application for which it is designed) rather than the material used. For example, an upholstered sofa is treated as household furniture, although it mayalso be used in hotels or offices.
When classifying furniture according to the component material from which it is made, furniture made from more than one material is classified based on thematerial used in the frame, or if there is no frame, the predominant component material. Upholstered household furniture (excluding kitchen and dining room chairs with upholstered seats) is classified...