Offenders as victims of crime?

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Offenders as Victims of Crime?: An Investigation into the Relationship between Criminal Behaviour and Victimization Author(s): Derek Deadman and Ziggy MacDonald Source: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A (Statistics in Society), Vol. 167, No. 1 (2004), pp. 53-67 Published by: Blackwell Publishing for the Royal Statistical Society Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3559799Accessed: 12/05/2010 11:30
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J. R. Statist. Soc. A (2004) 167, Part 1, pp. 53-67

Offenders as victims of crime?: an investigation into the relationship between criminal behaviour and victimization
Derek Deadman and Ziggy MacDonald
University of Leicester, UK[Received October 2001. Final revision March 2003]

and Summary. We consider the association between victimization offendingbehaviourby using data fromthe YouthLifestylesSurvey.We consider the effect of violentand non-violentoffending of on the probability being a victimof violentand non-violentcrime and finda positive association between these by using univariateprobitestimates. However,taking into account the endogvia enous nature of offendingand victimization a bivariateprobitmodel, we find that univariate estimates understate the association. We suggest that policy recommendationsshould only be informedby the bivariateanalysis of the association between offendingand victimization. Offenders;Victimsof crime Keywords: Bivariateprobit;

1.

Introduction

In this paper weconsider some relatively unexplored factors relating to the determinants of

The of or of crimevictimization. identification characteristics individuals firmsthat sufferdisrisksof beingvictimsof crimeis a long-established of research. area Additionally, proportionate have one groupof victims,namelythosewho haveexperienced repeator multiplevictimization, as been seen increasingly a particularlyimportantgroupfor policing(Pease, 1998)and it is of
special interest to consider the victim-offender relationship for such people. Examples of studies includethose by Sampsonand Wooldredge et on victimization (1987), Ellingworth al. (1995) and Tseloni et al. (2002), all of which have been concerned with the use of British Crime Survey data. One defect of the victimization literature, however, is that itoverwhelmingly portrays victims and offenders as separate groups from within the population. However, there has recently

of this whichhavechallenged overlysimplistic beena smallnumber studiesof violentoffenders view (Jensenand Brownfield, 1986;Mayhewand Elliott, 1990;Sampsonand Lauritsen,1990, that offenders 1994;Wittebroodand Nieuwbeerta,1999;Pederson,2001) by demonstrating Whetherthis...
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