Paracas Intro and Occupation/Appearance of Nasca Men and Women
The Paracas civilization was a culture that develop around 800 B.C to 100 B.C. The area in which theysettled is the modern day Paracas district of the Pisco Province in the Ica Region of Peru. First discovered by the famous Peruvian archaeologist, Julio Tello, in the 1920s, most of our information aboutthe Paracas comes from him.
The history of the paracas can be divided into two parts; “Paracas Cavernas” and Paracas Necropolis” based on the style in which they buried their dead. Julio Tello wasalso the one who divided the Paracas history into these different periods because the burial styles differed so greatly. In the Cavernas period, underground caves were dug which held collectivefunerals. The Cavernas bodies were wrapped in simple textiles and places in these chambers which were usually six meters in diameter.
However, the Paracas Necropolis stage was much more elaborate andsophisticated. Each necropolis was an underground chamber which could hold about 40 bodies. Because o f each Necropolis’ size, a family that owned one could place their dead in there over manygenerations. Bodies were buried in a fetal position and wrapped in several layers of complicated textiles. These textiles differ from Cavernas in the fact that they are so incredibly intricate and ornatelywoven. Along with the bodies, possessions such as new textiles, vegetables, animals, trophy heads, combs, pottery, jewels, and tools were place with the dead. Another important point is that thosemummies belonging to a higher class were given many layers of fine textile to be wrapped in along with exquisite jewelry and religious objects. Many bodies found during the Necropolis period actuallypossessed elongated skulls, which is a telltale sign of high class and power. Finally many refer to these bodies as mummies, however while they were preserved by the dry, desert climate, the Paracas...