Pasado participio como se conforma

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  • Publicado : 21 de noviembre de 2009
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EL PASADO SIMPLE (Simple Past)
completamente en un momento dado en el pasado
INSINUANDO CUÁNDO ocurrió.
3.− Se utiliza para una acción que haya terminado completamente en un momento dado en el pasado SIENDO
IMPLÍCITO cuándo ocurrió.
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4.− Se utiliza con ago (hace) para indicar acciones pasadas.
Past continuous
Form: The past tense of to be + gerund. Eg: Werewalking
Uses: 1.− It is used to express an action which was taking place before another action interrupted it. The
action in progress is in the past continuous tense and the other one is in the simple past. Eg: What was he
doing when is started to rain? He was listening to music.
2.− It is used to talk about an action which was ocurrying at a precise time in the past. Eg: They were having
lunchat 3 p.m. yesterday. She wasn't riding a bike at 5 p.m. last Saturday.
Pasado continuo
Forma: El pasado simple del verbo ser/estar + el gerundio.
Usos: 1.− Se utiliza para expresar una acción que estaba ocurriendo antes de ser interrumpida por otra acción.
La acción que estaba ocurriendo está en el pasado contínuo mientras la otra acción está en el pasado simple.
Ej: ¿Qué estaba ocurriendocuando empezó a llover?
2.− Se utiliza para hablar de una acción que estaba ocurriendo en una hora precisa en el pasado.
Going to as future.
Form: To be + going to + main verb (infinitive) WITHOUT to.
Uses: 1.− It is used to talk about what is about to happen. Eg: It is going to rain. When are you going to go
home? He isn't going to laugh.
2.− It is used when we have the INTENTION of doingsomething in the immediate future. Eg: They are going
to study English after class. Why is she going to work? I am not going to go to the park.
Going to como futuro.
Forma: To be + going to + verbo principal (infinitive) SIN toFo
Usos: 1.− Se utiliza para hablar sobre lo que está a punto de ocurrir.
2.− Se utiliza cuando tenemos la INTENCIÓN de hacer algo en el futuro inmediato.
Present perfectForm: Subject + have + past participle + direct object + indirect object. Eg: The have gone to shcool.
Uses: 1.− It is used for actions which started in the past and continue into the present. Eg: Cristina has lived in
La Poveda for 13 years.
2.− It is used for actions which have completely finished in the past WITHOUT SAYING WHEN they
occurred. Eg: Have you ever been to Paris?
3.− It isused for actions which have completely finished in the past WITHOUT INSINUATING WHEN they
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happened. Eg: Why hasn't she telephoned yet?
4.− It is used for actions which have completely finished in the past WITHOUT being IMPLICIT WHEN they
took place. Eg: He hasn't done his homework.
5.− It is used for recently finished actions. Eg: Where's Estefanía? She's just gone to walk the dog.
Pretéritoperfecto
Forma: Sujeto + (have) haber + participio + objeto directo + objeto indirecto.
Usos: 1.− Se utiliza para las acciones que empezaron en el pasado y siguen hasta el presente.
2.− Se utiliza para las acciones que han terminado completamente en el pasado SIN DECIR CUÁNDO
ocurrieron.
3.− Se utiliza para acciones que han terminado completamente en el pasado SIN INSINUAR CUÁNDOocurrieron.
4.− Se utiliza para acciones que han terminado completamente en el pasado SIN que fuera IMPLÍCITO
CUÁNDO ocurrieron.
5.− Se utiliza para acciones que han terminado recientemente.
Key words (palabras clave) : yet, since, for, just, ever.
Present perfect with Never and ever
Never is used for negative expressions. Eg: They have never been to the theatre. I have eaten snails.
Ever is used forasking questions. Eg: Have you ever seen that theme park? Has she ever played rugby?
Will (simple future)
Characteristics: 1.− It is the same for all persons. Eg: I will, he will, they will
2.− It is used WITHOUT to before the infinitive. Eg: She will go home after class
Uses: 1.− It is used for predictions. Eg: Will it rain tomorrow?
2.− It is used for decisions. Eg: I will watch The Lord...
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