Department of Social Sciences | World History Exam Second Industrial Revolution | Class/Section: IV A B C D | Grades: |
Professor Josie Hallinan | Date: | Name: | |
Capacity: Managing Information / Manejo de Información (20 points)
Instructions: Write the correct letter on the line provided.________ 1. From 1865 to 1905 a second Industrial Revolution was started by
a. coal and steam.
b. fewer business regulations.
c. inventions and discoveries.
d. the growth of railroads.
________ 2. The Bessemer process
a. made it easier and faster to produce steel.
b. made steel production more expensive.
c. left Henry Bessemer penniless.
d. was perfected byThomas Edison.
________ 3. Major innovations during the period occurred in the chemical, electrical, petroleum, and ________.
c) Stainless steel
d) Carbon steel
________ 4. Which of the following statements is NOT true of the Second Industrial Revolution?
a) Electricity became the primary source ofpower for factories, farms, and homes
b) Mass production, particularly of consumer goods
c) Saw the spread of the Industrial Revolution to places such as Italy, Japan, and Russia
d) Took place between about 1870 and 1914
________ 5. What country DID NOT follow Britain's lead and begin to industrialize by the mid-1800s?
________ 6. Who designed the assembly line (1908-1915)?
a. Eli Whitney
b. Gottlieb Daimler
c. Henry Ford
d. Thomas Edison
________ 7. Name four natural resources that England had to allow it to become industrialized?
a) Steam, electricity, coal and gold.
b) Water loom, spinning jenny, steam engine and water frame.
c) Steam boats, railroads,turnpikes and canals.
d) Iron ore, rivers, harbors and strong working population.
e) Land, labor, capital and political stability.
________ 8. The Wealth of Nations was written by which United Kingdom author?
a) David Hume
b) Edward Gibbon
c) Adam Smith
d) Jeremy Bentham
e) Karl Marx
________ 9. The second Industrial Revolution in the last half of the nineteenth centurywas associated with the mass production of which of the following groups of products?
a) Textiles, iron and coal
b) Textiles, automobiles and plastics
c) Airplanes, ships and radios
d) Electricity, automobiles and airplanes
e) Electricity, steel and chemicals
________ 10. By 1900, the nation that controlled the majority of the world's trade and finances and had the biggestempire was
b) Great Britain
d) The United States
________ 11. All early factories had to be built and located where?
a) Near the farms
b) In the cities
c) Near rivers
d) Next to the ocean
________ 12. What did most buildings lack in the early industrial cities?
a) Clean water and proper sewage systems.
b) Fair andefficient landlords
________ 13. The labor reforms (Factory Acts) mainly
a) Increased the number of hours a person could work on a weekly basis.
b) Set standards for pay and number of hours worked in a day.
c) Introduced safety standards in factories.
d) Limited the number of hours in a workday for women and children.
Matching (1 point each)1. Socialism _______ a. license to make, use or sell an invention.
2. Divison of Labor _______ b. complete control of a product or service.
3. Trust _______ c. amount of goods or services produced in
a given period of time.
4. Patent _______ d. favors government control of property and production.
5. Social Darwinism _______ e....