APA Style Citations (American Psychological Association)
This guide provides basic guidelines and examples for citing sources following the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, commonly referred to as "APA style." • APA style requires that you provide, in your text, brief parenthetical references identifying each work referredto. The APA format for parenthetical references is described on pages 2-3 of this guide. At the end of your paper, provide an alphabetized "Reference List" containing complete citations for all works cited or referred to in your paper. General rules governing APA reference list entries begin on page 3 of this guide.
Reference List - Examples for Print Publications
General FormatExamples: Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (2004). Title of book. Location: Publisher. Holmberg, D., Orbuch, T., & Veroff, J. (2004). Thrice-told tales: Married couples tell their stories. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
CHAPTER IN A BOOK
Examples: Author, A. A. (2004). Title of chapter. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (p./pp. nnn-nnn). Location: Publisher. Stein,A. (1997). Sex after 'sexuality': From sexology to poststructuralism. In D. Owen (Ed.), Sociology after postmodernism (pp. 158-172). London: Sage.
Examples: Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author. C. C. (2004). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume, page-numbers. McCright, A. M., & Dunlap, R. E. (2003). Defeating Kyoto: The conservative movement's impacton U.S. climate change policy. Social Problems, 50, 348-373. Stein, H. F. (2003, Spring). The inner world of workplaces: Accessing this world through poetry, narrative literature, music, and visual art. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice & Research, 55(2), 84-93.
Examples: Author, A. A. if named or Article title if no author. (2004, Month day). Title ofarticle if not given before [useful descriptive information]. Title of Magazine, volume if given, page-numbers. Kenji, M., & Tanako, K. (2003, February 13). Conflict and cognitive control. Science, 303, 969-970. The disability gulag [Letter to the editor]. (2003, December 14). The New York Times Magazine, 28.
Examples: Author if named or Article title if noauthor. (2004, Month day). Title of article if not given before [useful descriptive information]. Title of Newspaper, p/pp. nn-nn. Nagourney, E. (2003, October 28). Impatience, at your own risk. The New York Times, p. F6. Skin deep: 'Cosmetic wellness' helps people feel good about their looks. (2004, March 24). The Modesto Bee, p. G1.
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Page 2 of 4 pages
Examples: Review author. (2004, Month day as needed). Review title [Review of the medium Title of item reviewed: Subtitle]. Title of Periodical, publication information following appropriate format above. Petrakis, J. (2004,February 24). Regrets. [Review of the motion picture The fog of war]. The Christian Century, 121, 66-67. Zulu, I. M. (1997). [Review of the book The opening of the American mind: Canons, culture, and history]. College & Research Libraries, 58, 487-488.
Examples for Electronic Publications
0NLINE ARTICLE IN PERIODICAL
Examples: Author, A. A., Author B. B., & Author C. C. (2004).Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume, page-numbers. Retrieved Month day, year, from source. Fredrickson, B. L. (n. d.). Cultivating positive emotions to optimize health and well-being. Prevention & Treatment, 3, Article 0001a. Retrieved February 9, 2004, from http://journals.apa.org/prevention/volume3/pre0030001a.html Clinton, K. (2004, January). Marriage mishegas. The Progressive, 68,...