"Renaissance" literally means "rebirth." It refers especially to the rebirth of learning that began in Italy in the fourteenth century, spread to the north, including England, by the sixteenth century, and ended in the north in the mid-seventeenth century. During this period, there was an enormous renewal of interest in and study of classical antiquity.
It influenced painting,sculpture, and architecture. Paintings became more realistic and focused less often on religious topics. Rich families became patrons and commissioned great art. Artists advanced the Renaissance style of showing nature and depicting the feelings of people.
This essay attempts to deepen the knowledge of the Renaissance on such topics as art, science, religion. Consequently get into the historicalaspects that happened on this one, to know at the beginning of shaping forms and how they began to establish certain activities corresponding to this time.
The Renaissance patrons wanted art that showed joy in human beauty and life’s pleasures.
However, Renaissance art is more lifelike than in the art of the middle ages. Renaissance artists studied perspective, or the differences in the waythings look when they are close to something or far away. The artists painted in a way that showed these differences. As a result, their paintings seem to have depth. Giotto was one of the first to paint in this new style. The development of perspective was part of a wider trend towards realism in the arts. To that end, painters also developed other techniques, studying light, shadow, and, famouslyin the case of Leonardo Da Vinci human anatomy. Michelangelo Buonarroti of Florence was one of the greatest artists of all time. Like Leonardo, Michelangelo was a “Renaissance Man” of many talents.
Renaissance science has frequently been approached in terms of the progress of the exact sciences of mathematics and astronomy, to the neglect of the broader intellectual context of the period.
Theinvention of printing press allowed the disbursement and propagation of new ideas, free thinking opinions and editorial news, or knowledge, to be circulated in an unprecendent manner.
Galileo Galilei made important advances in the understanding of motion and built the first effective telescope. Other character was Nicolaus Copernicus known as the father of modern astronomy,
Tycho Brahe he kept aremarkable catalogue that contain over 1 thousand recorded accounts of different stars in the sky, all without the aid of a telescope because it wasn’t invented yet. He is credited with constructing the first observatory
Rene Descartes was a French philosopher credited with being the father of analytic geometry and the founder of modern rationalism. Well known for his main works, Meditations offirst philosophy and principles on philosophy, which include the famous dictum ¨I think, therefore I am ¨.
Religion was one of the aspects of the Renaissance that changed drastically over a few centuries.
During the twelfth century thinking men began exploring the written knowledge that had been preserved in monastic libraries, but which had not been actively disseminated. One of the goals ofthese intellectual explorers seems to have been to rediscover the culture of the classical, pre-Christian period, perhaps in search of something that they believed had been lost or suppressed by the church.
In the visual arts, the painter Giotto Bondone worked to develop a more natural style of visual representation than the stylized images which had become the norm.
As the intellectual climateof Europe changed, fuelled by the development of printing with movable type and a printing press, Martin Luther worked to make available translations in the language of his own people, the Germans, of the Bible, the mass and other texts for doctrinal instruction.
With the spread of the reformatory ideas promoted by Luther, a new movement of protestation against the Catholic Church became...