Rendimiento academico

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The Lack of Academic Achievement in the New Family Structure Models
La ausencia del logro académico en los nuevos modelos de estructura de la familia
Recibido: agosto 8 de 2007 Revisado: marzo 3 de 2008 Aceptado: mayo 2 de 2008

MARTHA CATALINA DEL ÁNGEL-CASTILLO* MOISÉS TORRES-HERRERA**

Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, México Escuela de Graduados en Educación,Universidad Virtual, Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, México

ABSTRACT The following is an article of discussion associated with research whose objective is to present a position about the influence of family structures on student’s academic achievement. It includes a review on traditional and present family structure models in the United States, Latin America andespecially in Mexico. The article presents the discussion as to how the internal family structure has been transforming due to external changes. This discussion leads us to think that there is a strong co-relation between the family models where students are raised and the level of academic achievement they might obtain throughout their student’s life.
Key words authors New Family Models, AcademicAchievement, Family Support, Latin American, Mexican Families, Family Influence. Key words plus Academic Achievement, Family Relations.

*

Profesora de planta, Departamento de Lenguas Modernas, Tecnológico de Monterrey Campus Monterrey, México, Aulas 2 oficina 243, Ext. 4619. Correo electrónico: marthadelangel@itesm.mx Profesor investigador, Escuela de Graduados en Educación, UniversidadVirtual, ITESM, México, Edificio CEDES SS1, Oficina. 1003-11, Teléfono (81) 83 58 20 00 extensión 6485. Correo electrónico: moises.torres@itesm.mx

**

RESUMEN El siguiente es un artículo de discusión asociada con investigación cuyo objetivo es presenta una postura sobre la influencia de las estructuras familiares sobre el logro académico de los estudiantes. Incluye una revisión sobre los modelosde estructura familiar tradicionales y actuales en los Estados Unidos, Latinoamérica y especialmente en México. El artículo presenta la discusión sobre como la estructura interna de las familias se ha estado transformando debido a los cambios externos. Esta discusión nos lleva a pensar que hay una estrecha correlación entre los modelos familiares en los cuales crecen los estudiantes y el nivel delogro académico que pueden obtener a lo largo de sus vidas.
Palabras clave autores Nuevos modelos familiares, logro académico, apoyo familiar, familias mexicanas, influencia familiar. Palabras clave descriptores Rendimiento académico, relaciones familiares.

UNIV. PSYCHOL.

BOGOTÁ, COLOMBIA

V. 7

NO. 2

PP 403-409 .

MAYO-AGOSTO

2008

ISSN 1657-9267

403

M ARTHA C ATALINA DEL Á NGEL -C ASTILLO , M OISÉS T ORRES -H ERRERA

Introduction
The purpose of the present article is to describe the characteristics of the family structure considering the models that were typical in the past and their evolution according to the social, political and economical movements that took place in Latin America and d the United States. Family structures are defined in terms of theirinternal composition, the number of members that integrate each model and their relationship, the marital status of the parents, and if there is the responsibility of raising of children. The Latin American family models are described considering the statistical data reported by INEGI which is the National Institute in charge of the Statistics, Geography and Informatics of Mexico’s territory; andother international organisms like the United Nations and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. All these statistical data show a general panorama of the past and the present situation of family structures all around the world and these data are later used to come to reflections and conclusions. The United States situation is considered as to new family models that have arisen as a...
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