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History Project

1919-1946
















Gonzalo Suez
Grade 10
Tuesday 20th





The Beginning

Woodrow Wilson called for its creation in his "Fourteen Points" speech,given at the end of World War I. It was created with the intentions of preventing another world war (jaw jaw not war war. By the prime minister of Britain, Churchill). The League was born eventually, however the United States failed to ratify. Thus the United States, who had produced the idea for the League, was not an active member.

November 9, 1918, Armistice that ended the war, PresidentWilson led the U.S.A. delegation to the Paris Peace Conference. Wilson was the only representative of the Great Powers, which included Great Britain, France, and Italy, who truly wanted an international organization. His power and influence were instrumental in establishing the League of Nations.

Despite the absence of the United States, the League of Nations held its first meeting on November15, 1920, with forty-two nations represented. The constitution of the league was called a covenant. It contained twenty-six articles that served as operating rules for the league.

















Consecuences

The league was organized into three main branches. The council was the main peacekeeping agency, with a membership that varied from eight to fourteen members during itsexistence. France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Japan, and the Soviet Union held permanent seats during the years they were members of the league. The remainder of the seats was held by smaller countries on a rotating basis. Peacekeeping recommendations had to be made by a unanimous vote.

The assembly was composed of all members of the league, and each member country had one vote. The assemblycontrolled the league's budget, elected the temporary council members, and made amendments to the covenant. A two-thirds majority vote was required on most matters.

When a threat to peace was the issue, a majority vote plus the unanimous consent of the council was needed to recommend action.



















Indice


1- The Beginning
2- Consecuences
3- More aboutW.Wilson
4- Idea of W.Wilson
5- The Commissions & Committees
6- The Success part 1
7- The Success part 2
8- The Success part 3
9- The Failures part 1
10- The Failures part 2
11- Conclusion









More about W.Wilson

Like I just wrote… the idea of Woodrow Wilson was called “the fourteen points’’. The fourteen points was like rules that were made for make peace in all themembers in the League of Nation:



1- Open covenants of peace, openly arrived at, after which there shall be no private international understandings of any kind but diplomacy shall proceed always frankly and in the public view.
2- Absolute freedom of navigation upon the seas, outside territorial waters, alike in peace and in war, except as the seas may be closed in whole or in part byinternational action for the enforcement of international covenants.
3- The removal, so far as possible, of all economic barriers and the establishment of an equality of trade conditions among all the nations consenting to the peace and associating themselves for its maintenance.
4- Adequate guarantees given and taken that national armaments will be reduced to the lowest point consistent with domesticsafety.
5- A free, open-minded, and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims, based upon a strict observance of the principle that in determining all such questions of sovereignty the interests of the populations concerned must have equal weight with the equitable claims of the government whose title is to be determined.
6- The evacuation of all Russian territory and such a...
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