Sketchin

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PENCIL SKETCHING
Second Edition

PENCIL SKETCHING
Second Edition

Thomas C. Wang

John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Copyright © 2002 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except aspermitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) 750-4744. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the PermissionsDepartment, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 605 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10158-0012, (212) 850-6011, fax (212) 850-6008, E-mail: PERMREQ @ WILEY.COM. This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter covered. It is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering professional services. If professional advice or otherexpert assistance is required, the services of a competent professional person should be sought. This title is also available in print as ISBN 0-471-39919-1. Some content that may appear in the print version of this book may not be available in the electronic edition. For more information about Wiley products, visit our web site at www.Wiley.com

to my wife Jacqueline and my sons Joseph, Andrew, andMatthew

CONTENTS
PREFACE
IX

1. I NTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 2. MATERIALS
Pencils 7 Papers 13 Accessories
AND

EQUIPMENT . . . . . . . . . . 7

17

Landscape Sketching 41 Trees 43 Trees in the Foreground 51 Trees in the Background 52 Landforms 55 Water 59 Architecture 63 Sketching the Cityscape 67

3. TECHNIQUES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19Holding the Pencil 19 Pressure 23 Movement of the Hand Lines and Strokes 31 27

5. COMPOSITION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 6. SKETCHING
FROM

MEMORY . . . . . . . . . 85

4. S KETCHING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Introduction 37 Observation and Recording 39

7. EXAMPLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 I NDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 1 1 3

vii

Venice

viii

PREFACE
The purpose of revising Pencil Sketching is to update the content and to make it more suitable to the needs of today’s users. Although the pedagogical intent established 20 years ago remains valid and intact, most of the examples were in my opinion outdated. There are also techniques I learned after over 25 years of teaching and practice that Iwant to incorporate in the new publication. Since the purpose of this book is to teach pencil sketching, I believe that a new book, with all new writings and illustrations, will serve the purpose well. Sketching with color pencil is intentionally left out because I feel strongly that the basics in learning how to sketch and draw must start with a simple black and white medium. Pencil is very specialbecause the traditional sketching techniques often go way beyond the tool itself and into the mind and body of the artist. To me, this is the only way to learn and to master pencil sketching. Pencil sketching is the door to all other drawing media, and good pencil sketching skills lay the foundation for a good artist. There are many great “technicians” who can draw, but what I really want is tomake you an “artist.” I hope this book will continue to be a helpful guide to all future artists.

ix

INTRODUCTION
Pencil: The Medium

1

Pencil is special. Pencil is versatile. There is not a single drawing medium that can perform so many tasks as a pencil. Because it can produce lines of different widths, the same pencil can be used for shading, texture making, and emulating a wide...
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