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PART I. READING COMPREHENSION (35 POINTS)
Sustainable Clothing action plan launched at London Fashion Week

Sustainable Clothing action plan launched at London Fashion Week

A new action plan to make fashion more sustainable and less environmentally damaging was launched at the start of London Fashion Week, by Defra Minister Lord Hunt.
The Sustainable Clothing Roadmap has brought togetherover 300 organizations, from high street retailers, to designers and textile manufacturers to battle the environmental impacts of 'throw away fashion'. Companies and some of the biggest names in fashion have signed up to take actions to make a significant difference to the environmental footprint and social inequalities which affect some of the production and retail processes of consumer fashion.While having many economic benefits, clothing has a significant environmental and ethical impact ranging from increased carbon emissions, waste, water usage and pollution to child labor and unfair trading conditions. The clothing and textiles sector in the UK alone produces around 3.1 million tonnes of CO2, 2 million tonnes of waste and 70 million tonnes of waste water per year - with 1.5 milliontonnes of unwanted clothing ultimately ending up in landfill.
Lord Philip Hunt, Minister for Sustainability said:
"This action plan represents a concerted effort from the fashion industry, including top names in the high street and manufacturers to change the face of fashion.
"Retailers have a big role to play in ensuring fashion is sustainable. We, as consumers should walk into a shop andfeel that the clothes we buy have been produced without damaging the environment or using poor labour practices, and that we will be able to reuse and recycle them when we no longer want them.
"I am delighted that so many fashion companies have signed up to the sustainable clothing action plan and I look forward to seeing these actions come to fruition."
Action takers for the roadmap will beconcentrating on the following key areas:
1. Improving environmental performance across the supply chain, including: sustainable design; fibres and fabrics; maximising reuse, recycling and end of life management; and clothes cleaning.
2. Awareness, media, education and networks for the sustainability of clothes.
3. Promoting markets for sustainable clothing.
4. Improving traceability along thesupply chain (environmental, ethical, and trade).
Actions that retailers are taking include:
* In addition M&S and Tesco are supporting green clothing factories, improving
animal welfare across their supply chain and increasing consumer awareness on washing at 30 degrees centigrade.
* Tesco - are extending their traceability programme across cotton supply chains to prohibit cotton from countriesknown to use child labour as well as carbon labelling of Tesco laundry detergents.
* Nike - applying their Considered Design ethos to improving the sustainability performance and innovation of all their product ranges
* T Shirt and Sons - already using organic cotton to manufacture their T Shirts, T Shirt and Sons are now developing the first Global Organic Textile Standard certified system foreco printing on Organic cotton.
* Association of Charity Shops, Oxfam, Salvation Army Trading and Textile Recycling Association - increasing consumer awareness on the environmental benefits of clothing reuse as well as increasing clothing recovery infrastructure in the UK. They will open more "sustainable clothing" boutiques of high quality second-hand clothing and new sustainably designedgarments.
Circle the most suitable answer. (4 points)

1. What is the main idea of the text?
a) How to save money in the fashion business.
b) How to make fashion sustainable and environmentally friendly.
c) Retailers are making more profits.
d) Fashion is a problem for the environment.

2. According to the passage, which of the following is false?
a) Lord Philip Hunt is in favor of the...
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