Communicative Approach | Listener and sometimes monitor | Student- center lessons | * 1970’s * Produce meaningful and realCommunication * T. sets up a situation that students are likely to encounter in real life. | SS’s language | Gentle correction after the activity |
Direct Method(Natural Method) | T. model oflanguage | * SS. Imitators | * Response to the Grammar-translation * Established in Germany and France around 1900. * Focus on speaking and listening * Only useful, everyday language is taught* Oral teaching comes before any other kind of reading and writing activities * Grammar is taught inductively * Teaching through modeling and practice * Disadvantage: assumption that a secondlanguage can be learnt in exactly the same way a first, the conditions are very different | RealiaVisual AidsMimicry | Gentle correction at the moment |
Suggestopedia | T’s role- controlled | Ss.role- followers | * Provide a relaxed state of mind that would facilitate the retention of material to its maximum potential. * The learning process of this method is to spend a funny time. * Thematerials play a big role in order to achieve the objective(s) of the lessons. | It includes artistic elements such as music, visual arts and stage arts to stimulate student’s creativity. | Developself-confidence and ss. also feel comfortable. |
Humanistic Approach | Facilitator of knowledge; | Center of the activity. | * Developed by Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. * Emphasize thenatural desire to learn. * Focused on what is of interest to the students. * T. proposes and ss. decide what to do. AdvantagesRespect toward feelings, values and aspirations.DisadvantagesHighlydependent upon teacher’s capabilities.It can only be used in small learning centers. | Attractive handouts, realia, worksheets, flip charts, tapes, videos, books, visual aids, useful, attractive and...