The internal market of the European Union is a single market in which the free movement of goods, services, capital and persons is ensured and in which European citizens are free to live, work, study and do business. Since it was created in 1993, the single market has opened more to competition, created new jobs, defined moreaffordable prices for consumers and enabled businesses and citizens to benefit from a wide choice of goods and services. The European Union is working towards further simplification of the regulations which still prevent citizens and businesses from making the most of the advantages of the single market.
1. Legal basis of the internal market of the EU: free movement of persons and goods.
Freemovements of goods
The Community shall be based upon a customs union which shall cover all trade in goods and which shall involve the prohibition between Member States of customs duties on imports and exports and of all charges having equivalent effect, and the adoption of a common customs tariff in their relations with third countries.
Products coming from a third countryshall be considered to be in free circulation in a Member State if the import formalities have been complied with and any customs duties or charges having equivalent effect which are payable have been levied in that Member State, and if they have not benefited from a total or partial drawback of such duties or charges.
Customs duties on imports and exports andcharges having equivalent effect shall be prohibited between Member States. This prohibition shall also apply to customs duties of a fiscal nature.
Common Customs Tariff duties shall be fixed by the Council acting by a qualified majority on a proposal from the Commission.
In carrying out the tasks entrusted to it under this Chapter the Commission shall be guided by:(a) The need to promote trade between Member States and third countries;
(b) Developments in conditions of competition within the Community insofar as they lead to an improvement in the competitive capacity of undertakings;
(c) The requirements of the Community as regards the supply of raw materials and semi
finished goods; in this connection the Commission shall take care to avoid distortingconditions of competition between Member States in respect of finished goods;
(d) The need to avoid serious disturbances in the economies of Member States and to ensure rational development of production and an expansion of consumption within the
Prohibition of quantitative restrictions between members states
Quantitative restrictions on imports and all measureshaving equivalent effect shall be prohibited between Member States.
Quantitative restrictions on exports, and all measures having equivalent effect, shall be prohibited between Member States.
The provisions of Articles 28 and 29 shall not preclude prohibitions or restrictions on imports, exports or goods in transit justified on grounds of public morality, public policyor public security; the protection of health and life of humans, animals or plants; the protection of national treasures possessing artistic, historic or archaeological value; or the protection of industrial and commercial property. Such prohibitions or restrictions shall not, however, constitute a means of arbitrary discrimination or a disguised restriction on trade between Member States.Article 31
1. Member States shall adjust any State monopolies of a commercial character so as to ensure that no discrimination regarding the conditions under which goods are procured and marketed exists between nationals of Member States.
The provisions of this Article shall apply to any body through which a Member State, in law or in fact, either directly or indirectly supervises, determines or...