2. Main issues
1. Definition of the classification
2. How it Works chemically
3. Effects on the brain and body
4. Effects on behavior and society
5. Effects on chronic abuse
6. Withdrawal symptoms
Hallucinogen is a substance that produces psychologicaleffects normally associated only with dreams, schizophrenia, or religious visions. It produces changes in perception like ranging from distortions in what is sensed to perceptions of objects where there are none, thought, and feeling. Those that have aroused the most controversy include Ecstasy, LSD, mescaline, psilocybin, and bufotenine, some would add marijuana.
Mescaline is a drug or chemicalthat causes alterations in perception (usually visual), mood, and thought. It is a powerful hallucinogenic compound obtained from peyote, a flowering head of a type of Mexican cactus. Mescaline is a class A drug in the UK. It can be detected by the Mecke test.
2. Main issues
2.1 Definition of the classification
Mescaline or 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenethylamine is anaturally-occurring psychedelic alkaloid of the phenethylamineclass. It is mainly used as an entheogen, and as a tool to supplement various practices for transcendence, including inmeditation, psychonautics, art projects, and psychedelic psychotherapy.
Peyote: the top of the cactus above ground--also referred to as the crown--consists of disc-shaped buttons that are cut from the roots and dried. These buttons are generallychewed or soaked in water to produce an intoxicating liquid. The hallucinogenic dose of mescaline is about 0.3 to 0.5 grams and lasts about 12 hours. While peyote produced rich visual hallucinations that were important to the native peyote cults, the full spectrum of effects served as a chemically induced model of mental illness. Mescaline can be extracted from peyote or produced synthetically.a. How it works, chemically
Mescaline is almost unique among drugs in that it works primarily on the visual areas of the cortex. The largest part of the mescaline experience is visual, including among other things, hallucinations.
After being absorbed by the bloodstream, mescaline has a half-life in the body of around 6 hours. Peak concentrations of mescaline occurs about 2 hours afteroral administration, this corresponds to the time period of highest psychedelic effect. Drug levels in the blood drop gradually over 10 hours, with 87% of the dose eliminated after 24 hours.
b. Effects on the brain and body
Peyote buttons taste very bitter and unpleasant, as do the teas and powders made from them and other psychoactive cacti. Frequently, the human body's first response tothem is intense stomach pain, nausea, and vomiting. Approximately thirty to sixty minutes after the substance is eaten, its effects on the brain begin to occur. Hallucinations are most intense for approximately two hours, but the effects of the drug may last for as long as ten to twelve hours. Mescaline's other effects can include trembling, sweating, dizziness, numbness, high blood pressure,increased heart rate, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, dilated pupils, and anxiety. It can cause contractions of the intestines and the uterus, which could be dangerous for pregnant women taking the drug.
Playing with the Senses
Hallucinogens seem to disrupt the normal interaction between nerve cells and neurotransmitters within the brain. This causes the sight, smell, sound, and feel of thingsin the real world to become strangely warped. Emotions may also be wildly exaggerated or out-of-place due to the chemical changes being caused in the brain. Rapid mood swings are common, with users laughing for no apparent reason, only to become terrified the next moment. Emotions may seem to be layered or to come in waves. Someone who has taken a hallucinogen may feel a heightened awareness of...