The Republic of Cuba is an island country in the Caribbean. Havana is the largest city in Cuba and the country's capital is the second largest city is Santiago de Cuba. To thenorth of Cuba lies the United States and the Bahamas, Mexico is to the west, the Cayman Islands and Jamaica are to the south, and Haiti and the Dominican Republic are to the southeast. In 1492,Christopher Columbus found and claimed the island now occupied by Cuba, for the Kingdom of Spain calling it Juana.
The U.S. battleship Maine arrived in Havana on 25 January 1898 tooffer protection to the 8,000 American residents on the island, but the Spanish saw this as intimidation. On the evening of 15 February 1898, the Maine blew up in the harbor, killing 252 crew. Theexperts reported that the Maine had been destroyed by "a double magazine set off from the exterior of the ship, which could only have been produced by a mine."
|Pinar del Río|Ciego de Ávila | |
|Artemisa |Camagüey | |
|Havana|Las Tunas | |
|Mayabeque |Granma | |
|Matanzas|Holguín | |
|Cienfuegos |Santiago de Cuba | |
|Villa Clara|Guantánamo | |
|Sancti Spíritus |Isla de la Juventud | |
ECONOMY, MINERAL AND LANGUAGECuba remained a Spanish possession for almost 400 years with an economy based on plantation agriculture, mining, and the export of sugar, coffee, and tobacco to Europe and later to North America....