Ramón María del Valle-Inclán y de la Peña (Vilanova de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 28 October 1866 – Santiago de Compostela, 5 January 1936), Spanish dramatist, novelist and member of the SpanishGeneration of 98, is considered perhaps the most noteworthy and certainly the most radical dramatist working to subvert the traditionalism of the Spanish theatrical establishment in the early part of the20th century. His drama is made all the more important by its influence on later generations of Spanish dramatists. Therefore, on the national theater day, his statue in Madrid receives the homage of thetheatrical profession.
His early writings were in line with French symbolism and modernism; however, his later evolution took his works to most radical formal experiments. Hedespised literary realism and openly disregarded Benito Perez Galdós, its maximum Spanish representative. His political views, accordingly, changed from traditional absolutism (in Spain known as Carlismo)towards anarchism. This also caused him problems.
All his life he struggled to live up to his bohemian ideals, and stayed loyal to his steticist beliefs. However, he had to write undercover forserialised popular romans. During a row with a fellow writer his wrist was wounded and became infected, and he lost his arm.
Valle-Inclán's work (for example, Divine Words (Divinas palabras) andBohemian Lights (Luces de Bohemia) attacks what he saw as the hypocrisy, moralising and sentimentality of the bourgeois playwrights, satirises the views of the ruling classes and targets in particularconcepts such as masculine honour, militarism, patriotism and attitudes to the Crown and the Roman Catholic Church. His drama also featured irreverent portrayal of figures from Spain's political past anddeployed crude, obscene language and vulgar imagery in a mocking attack on theatrical blandness.
In addition to being politically subversive, though, Valle-Inclán's plays often required staging...
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