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Basic System Administration
ESX Server 3.5, ESX Server 3i version 3.5 VirtualCenter 2.5

This document supports the version of each product listed and supports all subsequent versions until the document is replaced by a new edition. To check for more recent editions of this document, see http://www.vmware.com/support/pubs.

VI-ENG-Q407-436

Basic System Administration

You can find themost up-to-date technical documentation on the VMware Web site at: http://www.vmware.com/support/ The VMware Web site also provides the latest product updates. If you have comments about this documentation, submit your feedback to: docfeedback@vmware.com 

Copyright © 2006–2010 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. This product is protected by U.S. and international copyright and intellectualproperty laws. VMware products are covered by one or more patents listed at http://www.vmware.com/go/patents. VMware is a registered trademark or trademark of VMware, Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.

VMware, Inc. 3401 Hillview Ave. Palo Alto, CA 94304 www.vmware.com
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About This Book

13

Getting Started
1 VMware Infrastructure Components 19
Two Approaches to Managing Virtual Machines 20 Components of VMware Infrastructure 21 VMware Infrastructure Client Interfaces 23 Optional VirtualCenter Components 24 VirtualCenter Modules 25 Managed Components 26 Functional Components 27 Access Privileges Components 28

2 Using this Document 31Getting Started 32 Virtual Machine Management System Administration 33 Appendixes 34 33

3 Starting and Stopping the VMware Infrastructure Components 35
ESX Server 35 VirtualCenter Server 36 Verifying That VirtualCenter Server Started 37 Restarting the VirtualCenter Server 37 Stopping the VirtualCenter Server 38 VI Client 38 Starting the VI Client and Logging In 38 Stopping the VI Client and Logging Out 39VI Web Access 40 VMware Service Console 41

VMware, Inc.

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Basic System Administration

Using DHCP for the Service Console 41 Connecting to the Service Console 42 Using Commands on the Service Console 42

4 Using the VI Client 45
About the VI Client 45 Menu Bar 47 Pop‐Up Menus 50 Console Menu 50 Navigation Bar 51 Inventory View Tabs 53 Getting Started Tabs 56 Using the Tutorial 57Toolbar 57 Status Bar, Recent Tasks, and Triggered Alarms 58 Panel Sections 59 Sorting and Filtering Lists 60 Using Custom Attributes 61 Selecting and Viewing Objects 63 Selecting Objects 64 Monitoring Objects 65 Performing Actions on Objects 65 Managing VirtualCenter Modules 67

5 System Configuration 69
Host Configuration for ESX Server and VirtualCenter 69 Hardware Tab 70 Software Tab 71ESX Server Network Configuration 72 ESX Server Storage Configuration 72 Viewing Security Configuration Information 73 Viewing ESX Server Command Information  74 VirtualCenter Configuration 74 Configuring VirtualCenter Communication 76 Configuring the Port That VirtualCenter Server Uses 77 Configuring VirtualCenter Communication over a Web Connection 78 Virtual Machine Configuration 79Working with Active Sessions 81 About SNMP and VMware Infrastructure 83 About MIB Files 83
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Contents

VMWARE‐ROOT‐MIB 84 VMWARE‐ENV‐MIB 84 VMWARE‐PRODUCTS‐MIB 85 VMWARE‐RESOURCES‐MIB 86 VMWARE‐TC‐MIB 89 VMWARE‐TRAPS‐MIB 90 VMWARE‐VMINFO‐MIB 91 VMWARE‐VMKERNEL‐MIB 93 Using SNMP with VirtualCenter Server 93 Using SNMP with ESX Server 3 95 Configuring the ESX Server Agent from the Service Console95 Configuring SNMP Trap Destinations for ESX Server 3 96 Using SNMP with ESX Server 3i 97 Configuring SNMP Management Client Software 98 Configuring SNMP Security for ESX Server 3 98 SNMP Diagnostics 98 Using SNMP with Guest Operating Systems 99 System Log Files 100 Viewing System Log Entries 100 External System Logs 101 Configuring Syslog on ESX Server Hosts 103 Exporting Diagnostic Data...
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