Compound nouns made with SOME, ANY and NO
Some + | -thing | -body | -one | -where |
Any + | | | | |
No + | | | | |
Compound nouns with some- and any- are used in the same way as some and any.
* Someone is sleeping in my bed.
* He saw something in the garden.
* I left my glasses somewhere in the house.
* Are youlooking for someone? (= I'm sure you are)
* Have you lost something? (= I'm sure you have)
* Is there anything to eat? (real question)
* Did you go anywhere last night?
* She didn't go anywhere last night.
* He doesn't know anybody here.
NOTICE that there is a difference in emphasis between nothing, nobody etc. and not ... anything, not ... anybody:
*I don't know anything about it. (= neutral, no emphasis)
* I know nothing about it (= more emphatic, maybe defensive)
SOMETHING, SOMEBODY, SOMEWHERE
a. I have something to tell you.
b. There is something to drink in the fridge.
c. He knows somebody in New York
d. Susie has somebody staying with her.
e. They want to go somewhere hot for their holidays.
f. Keith islooking for somewhere to live.
ANYBODY, ANYTHING, ANYWHERE
a. Is there anybody who speaks English here?
b. Does anybody have the time?
c. Is there anything to eat?
d. Have you anything to say?
e. He doesn't have anything to stay tonight.
f. I wouldn't eat anything except at Maxim's.
NOBODY, NOTHING, NOWHERE
a. There is nobody in the house at the moment
b. When I arrived there was nobody tomeet me.
c. I have learnt nothing since I began the course.
d. There is nothing to eat.
e. There is nowhere as beautiful as Paris in the Spring.
f. Homeless people have nowhere to go at night.
ANY can also be used in positive statements to mean 'no matter which', 'no matter who', 'no matter what':
a. You can borrow any of my books.
b. They can choose anything from the menu.
c. Youmay invite anybody to dinner, I don't mind.
Somebody, Someone, Anybody, Anyone etc.
There is no real difference between somebody and someone. Similarly, there is no difference between anybody and anyone, everybody and everyone or nobody and no one.
Note that the forms with body are a little more informal.
There is somebody at the door. (= There is someone at the door.)
Is there anybody? (= Isthere anyone?)
Some- and any-
The difference between somebody and anybody, somewhere and anywhere and something and anything are the same as the difference between some and any.
The words somebody, something, somewhere etc., are used in affirmative clauses, whereas the words anybody, anything, anywhere etc., are used in negative and interrogative sentences.
There is somebody at the door.
I don’t want to go anywhere too expensive.
If you need anything just tell me.
When these words are used as subjects they are followed by singular verbs.
Everybody loves her.
Everything is ready.
Note that somebody is normally used to refer to only one person. To refer to more than one person, we use some people.
Somebody wants to meet you.
some people want to meet you.
Torefer back to somebody, anybody etc., they, them and their are used with singular meanings.
Nobody came, did they? (Here the pronoun they refers back to nobody.)
Somebody left their umbrella in the office. (Here the pronoun their refers back to somebody.)
Cries of Animals
1. I can gibber. Tell me who am I?
2. I can drone. Who am I?
3. I can bray. Who am I?
4. I can hum. Who am I?
5. I can growl. Who am I?
6. I can bellow. Who am I?
7. I can mew; I can purr; I...