William Shakespeare was a playwright, poet and English actor. Sometimes known as the Bard of Avon (or simply El Bardo), Shakespeare is considered the most important writer inEnglish and one of the most famous in world literature.
Shakespeare's plays have been translated into the major languages and his plays continue to be performed worldwide. In addition, many quotationsand neologisms from his plays have become part of everyday use, both in English and other languages. Over time, there has been much speculation about his life questioning his sexuality, religiousaffiliation, and even the authorship of their works.
There are very few documented facts in the life of William Shakespeare. What can be said is that he was baptized in Stratford-upon-Avon, April 26,1564 and died on 23 April 1616, shortly before reaching age 52.
The Protestant Reformation was a Christian reform movement in Europe which is generally deemed to have begun withMartin Luther's Ninety-Five Theses in 1517 although a number of precursors such as Johannes Hus predate that event. As a historical period, the Reformation is considered to have ended with the Peace ofWestphalia in 1648; however, many of the denominations that arose during that period continue to exist and Protestantism constitutes one of the branches of Christianity today.
All mainstreamProtestants generally trace their separation from the Catholic Church to the 16th century. The origin of mainstream Protestantism is sometimes called the Magisterial Reformation because the movement receivedsupport from the magistrates, the ruling authorities (as opposed to the Radical Reformation, which had no state sponsorship). Older Protestant churches, such as the Unitas Fratrum (Unity of theBrethren), Moravian Brethren or the Bohemian Brethren trace their origin to the time of Jan Hus in the early 15th century. As it was led by a majority of Bohemian nobles and recognized for a time by the...