Sir William Wallace
“All the persons die, but not they all live really.”
In this Work we will approach the legendary Sir William Wallace, of Scotland.We will know his personal and professional life, knowing in a deeper way his repercussion in the social and cultural life in this country Scotland.The way in which this personage influences the ideological thoughts of a social repression, with notable lacks and his influence the warlike sectors of this one to manage to be a country independent from England.
Sir William Wallace (ca. 1270 - August 23, 1305) was a Scot who directed to his country against the English occupation and against the King Eduardo I of England in the Wars ofindependence of Scotland.
It was of humble origin, in contrast with his compatriot, Robert the Bruce (Roberto I of Scotland), of noble extraction. The family Wallace was descending from Richard Wallace (Richard Welsh).
The contemporary sources of information about Wallace's life are limited, and a significant quantity of what has been a writing brings over of him is based on Blind Harry's work,written about 1470, almost two centuries after Wallace's birth, for what it is a problematic source.
Wallace was born about 1270. It exists some dispute brings over of the place of Wallace's birth. The general belief is that it was Elderslie, near Paisley, in Renfrewshire. Recently there has been proclaimed that was in Ellerslie, near Kilmarnock, in Ayrshire. It is probable that these two nameswere getting confused in the ancient documents, since the spelling was not standardized up to more recent epochs. In Ellerslie's support, there has been argued that his father was coming from Riccarton, Ayrshire, and his mother of Loudoun, Ayrshire. Besides this, some of the Wallace's first actions took place in Ayrshire.
In Elderslie's support, there has been argued that Ellerslie, a miningex-villa, is known only from the 19th century, unlike Elderslie, known very much before. His first action was in Lanark, which is not particularly near Elderslie not of Ellerslie, and then it moved to Ayrshire to join in Irvine some Scotch nobles who were fighting against the english men.
There are no contemporary sources of information about Wallace's early life. It seems to be sure that he was ason of Sir Malcolm Wallace de Riccarton and of Margaret; it had two brothers: Malcolm and John.
The latter, very friend of Vincent Wilson de Lokcsteintawn; duke of the same zone, who offered refuge to Wallace in times of discords.
It was hospitalized in an abbey in which his paternal uncle was residing, because of it it was educated well for the bosses of the epoch, and Frenchman was speaking,Latin, Gael and English. Blind Harry does not mention that it had gone out neither of the country or that had some military experience before 1297. A record of August, 1296 refers to ' a thief, a William le Waleys ' in Perth, but it might not be he.
On September 11, 1297, Wallace devastated completely to the army English commanded by the Count of Surrey in Stirling Bridge's Battle. The armyEnglishman was formed by 300 heavy gentlemen and 10.000 men of light infantry. When it returned from Stirling, Wallace was nominated a " Guardian of Scotland ". Later, it ordered a troop to conquer York, the major city of the north of England.
On April 1, 1298, the English troops, supervised by the King of England Eduardo I Long-legged, and the Scotch troops faced in Falkirk. Wallace had a secretweapon: the "Schiltroms", groups of soldiers with a lance of 2 m used to stop the load of the cavalry. The english men attacked with the cavalry first, that was really a stop; but after them there came the been afraid archers of Wales, of long shot, who devastated the Scots.
Wallace eluded the English attempts of capture until August 5, 1305, when John Menteith (also so called False Menteith)...