Aristotle, whose name means "the best purpose," was born in Stageira, Chalcidice, in 384 BC, about 55 km east of modern-day Thessaloniki. His father Nicomachus was the personal physician to KingAmyntas of Macedon. Aristotle was trained and educated as a member of the aristocracy. At about the age of eighteen, he went to Athens to continue his education at Plato's Academy. Aristotle remained atthe academy for nearly twenty years.
After Plato's death in 347 B. C., Aristotle left Athens and traveled to Atarneus and Aso, in Asia Minor, where he lived for about three years under theprotection of his friend and former partner of the Academy, Hermias, who was governor of the city.
When Hermias was murdered, Aristotle traveled to the city of Mytilene on the island of Lesbos, where heremained for two years. There he continued his research with Theophrastus native of Lesbos, focusing on zoology and marine biology. Also married Pythias, the niece of Hermias, with whom he had adaughter the same name.
In 335 B. C., Aristotle returned to Athens and founded his own school, the Lyceum. In contrast to the Academy, the Lyceum was not a private school, so many of the classes werepublic and free.
In 323 BC., Aristotle left the city and travels to Chalcis on the island of Euboea, where he died the following year, in 322 BC by natural causes.
Aristotle wrote about 200treaties (of which nowadays we have only 31) on a wide variety of topics, including logic, metaphysics, philosophy of science, ethics, political philosophy, aesthetics, rhetoric, physics, astronomy andbiology. Aristotle changed many, if not all, the areas of knowledge that he touched. He is recognized as the founding father of logic and biology, because although there are reflections and previouswritings on both subjects, is in the work of Aristotle where were the first systematic research. I won’t talk about every one of these topics because most of them were refused in the time by another...
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