RMS Titanic was a passenger liner that struck an iceberg on her maiden voyage from Southampton, England, to New York City, and sank on 15 April 1912, resulting in the deaths of 1,517 people in one ofthe deadliest peacetime maritime disasters in history.
The largest passenger steamship in the world at the time, the Olympic-class RMS Titanic was owned by the White Star Line and constructed at theHarland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland, UK. After setting sail for New York City on 10 April 1912 with 2,223 people on board, she hit the iceberg four days into the crossing, at 11:40 pm on14 April 1912, and sank at 2:20 am the following morning. The high casualty rate resulting from the sinking was due in part to the fact that, although complying with the regulations of the time, theship carried lifeboats for only 1,178 people. A disproportionate number of men died due to the "women and children first" protocol that was enforced by the ship's crew.
Titanic was designed byexperienced engineers, using some of the most advanced technologies and extensive safety features of the time. The sinking of a passenger liner on her maiden voyage, the high loss of life and media frenzyover Titanic's famous victims, the legends about the sinking, the resulting changes in maritime law, and the discovery of the wreck have all contributed to the enduring interest in Titanic.
The preparations had started a week ago: Refreshments, hired crew accommodation, habituation to their work, and so on.
The ship began its maiden voyage from Southampton (England) to New York(USA) on Wednesday April 10, 1912, with Captain Edward John Smith in command, who prior to the trip said that this would be his last command before retiring, because he wanted to spend more time withhis wife and daughter. Joseph Bruce Ismay, who had arrived at 9:30 a. m., 19 boarded the Titanic with his servant Richard Fry and his secretary William Henry Harrison.20 The Titanic set sail at 12:15...
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