Agricultura y al economía verde

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THIS IS THE STORY OF

AG RICULTURE GR E EN EC ONOMY
e and th
We need to make the global economy green. Agriculture provides significant opportunities for growth, investment and jobs to help make this happen.

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Everyone needs agriculture. Agriculture feeds our entire population and produces fibre for clothing, feed for livestock and bioenergy. Particularly in the developing world,agriculture contributes significantly to GDP growth, leads the way in poverty reduction and accounts for the lion’s share of employment opportunities, especially for women. Agriculture also has one of the highest potentials for reducing carbon emissions and helping vulnerable people adapt to climate change.

To see the interactive version of the infographic, visit: www.farmingfirst.org/green-economy

Howcan we feed future generations?

How can we reduce poverty around the world?
INCIDENCE OF EXTREME RURAL POVERTY (% of rural people living on less than US$1.25/day)
Of the 1.4 billion people living in poverty, 1 billion live in rural areas.
Middle East & North Africa
Source: IFAD

As world population grows, crop production needs to keep up.
To feed a global population of 9 billion by 2050will require a 70 percent increase in global food production.
WORLD POPULATION
10bn 8bn 6bn 4bn
Least developed countries Most developed countries
predicted
Source: UN DESA

CEREAL CROP PRODUCTION (tonnes) Source: FAOSTAT
5bn 4bn 3bn 2bn 1bn
Oceania Europe Asia Latin America North America Africa
predicted

3.6%

8.8%
80 90 2000 09 2050

Latin America

15.3% 61.6%
living inpoverty
Sub-Saharan Africa

East Asia

1950

1975

2007

2050

1961 70

25.6%

South Asia

Increasing yields is an important way to help protect land.
The World Bank estimates that 1 hectare of land will need to feed 5 people in 2025, whereas in 1960 1 hectare was required to feed only 2 people.

SOURCES OF GROWTH IN CROP PRODUCTION
Arable land Crop intensity Yield 9% 14% Neareast/ North africa Sub-Saharan Africa Region

Source: FAO

Increase in arable land

Increase in crop intensity

Increase in yield

1.4bn 1.0bn
POVERTY REDUCTION POTENTIAL
Agricultural labour productivity

of which live in rural areas

1961-2005 2005-50 1961-2005 2005-50 1961-2005 2005-50

Growth in agriculture is the most powerful force for reducing poverty.
GDP growth fromagriculture generates at least twice as much poverty reduction than any other sector.
(sectoral growth and correlation with $1 a day poverty index)

WORLD
77%

1961-2005
14% 9%

Latin America Carribean

Tax revenue Health expenditure per capita

South Asia

Exports of goods and services Fixed investments

WORLD
East Asia 77%

Trade Public sector

2005-2050

0.18

0.33 0.320.47 0.44 0.42

0.55 0.55

Source: ODI

Why does agriculture ma er to a green economy?

Where do we invest to build a green economy?

Worldwide, agriculture accounts for...
We need to create livelihoods in places where these resources are managed, and it is in these areas that people are most vulnerable.

Since 1980, foreign aid and domestic investment in agriculture have fallen.Public spending allocated to agriculture declined to under 7% in 2000, and the share of ODA to agriculture fell to 5% in 2004.

FOREIGN AID TO AGRICULTURE

(constant 2007 $bn, % of total aid)

Source: IFPRI

22.5%

22.2%

18.9%

15.7%

70%
!"

34.3%
!"

17-30%
!"

37.3%
!"#$%&

12bn

11.2%

11.6% 9.9% 8.1% 5.9% 5.4%

WATER CONSUMPTION
Agriculture 70%

LAND AREAAgriculture 34.3%

EMISSIONS
Agriculture 17% Deforestation 13%

GHG

LABOUR FORCE
Agriculture 37.3%

9bn

6bn

3bn

1979-81

82-84

85-87

88-90

91-93

94-96

97-99

2000-02

03-05

06-08

GOVERNMENT SPENDING ON AGRICULTURE

(constant 2007 $bn by country type) World Bank

Source:

15bn

41%

SUB SAHARAN AFRICA

women

And they make up a...
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