AG RICULTURE GR E EN EC ONOMY
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We need to make the global economy green. Agriculture provides signiﬁcant opportunities for growth, investment and jobs to help make this happen.
Everyone needs agriculture. Agriculture feeds our entire population and produces ﬁbre for clothing, feed for livestock and bioenergy. Particularly in the developing world,agriculture contributes signiﬁcantly to GDP growth, leads the way in poverty reduction and accounts for the lion’s share of employment opportunities, especially for women. Agriculture also has one of the highest potentials for reducing carbon emissions and helping vulnerable people adapt to climate change.
To see the interactive version of the infographic, visit: www.farmingﬁrst.org/green-economy
Howcan we feed future generations?
How can we reduce poverty around the world?
INCIDENCE OF EXTREME RURAL POVERTY (% of rural people living on less than US$1.25/day)
Of the 1.4 billion people living in poverty, 1 billion live in rural areas.
Middle East & North Africa
As world population grows, crop production needs to keep up.
To feed a global population of 9 billion by 2050will require a 70 percent increase in global food production.
10bn 8bn 6bn 4bn
Least developed countries Most developed countries
Source: UN DESA
CEREAL CROP PRODUCTION (tonnes) Source: FAOSTAT
5bn 4bn 3bn 2bn 1bn
Oceania Europe Asia Latin America North America Africa
80 90 2000 09 2050
Increasing yields is an important way to help protect land.
The World Bank estimates that 1 hectare of land will need to feed 5 people in 2025, whereas in 1960 1 hectare was required to feed only 2 people.
SOURCES OF GROWTH IN CROP PRODUCTION
Arable land Crop intensity Yield 9% 14% Neareast/ North africa Sub-Saharan Africa Region
Increase in arable land
Increase in crop intensity
Increase in yield
POVERTY REDUCTION POTENTIAL
Agricultural labour productivity
of which live in rural areas
1961-2005 2005-50 1961-2005 2005-50 1961-2005 2005-50
Growth in agriculture is the most powerful force for reducing poverty.
GDP growth fromagriculture generates at least twice as much poverty reduction than any other sector.
(sectoral growth and correlation with $1 a day poverty index)
Latin America Carribean
Tax revenue Health expenditure per capita
Exports of goods and services Fixed investments
East Asia 77%
Trade Public sector
0.33 0.320.47 0.44 0.42
Why does agriculture ma er to a green economy?
Where do we invest to build a green economy?
Worldwide, agriculture accounts for...
We need to create livelihoods in places where these resources are managed, and it is in these areas that people are most vulnerable.
Since 1980, foreign aid and domestic investment in agriculture have fallen.Public spending allocated to agriculture declined to under 7% in 2000, and the share of ODA to agriculture fell to 5% in 2004.
FOREIGN AID TO AGRICULTURE
(constant 2007 $bn, % of total aid)
11.6% 9.9% 8.1% 5.9% 5.4%
LAND AREAAgriculture 34.3%
Agriculture 17% Deforestation 13%
GOVERNMENT SPENDING ON AGRICULTURE
(constant 2007 $bn by country type) World Bank
SUB SAHARAN AFRICA
And they make up a...