Aircraft enginerring principles

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Aircraft Engineering Principles

Roll-Royce RB211-524 Engine fitted to a Boeing 747 Aircraft

Aircraft Engineering Principles

Lloyd Dingle Mike Tooley

AMSTERDAM • BOSTON • HEIDELBERG • LONDON • NEW YORK • OXFORD • PARIS SAN DIEGO • SAN FRANCISCO • SINGAPORE • SYDNEY • TOKYO

Elsevier Butterworth Heinemann Linacre House, Jordan Hill, Oxford OX2 8DP 30 Corporate Drive, Burlington, MA01803 First published 2005 Copyright © 2005, Lloyd Dingle and Mike Tooley. All rights reserved The right of Lloyd Dingle and Mike Tooley to be identified as the authors of this work has been asserted in accordance with the Copyright, Design and Patents Act 1988 No part of this publication may be reproduced in any material form (including photocopying or storing in any medium by electronic meansand whether or not transiently or incidentally to some other use of this publication) without the written permission of the copyright holder except in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 or under the terms of a licence issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency Ltd, 90 Tottenham Court Road, London, England W1T 4LP. Applications for the copyright holder’swritten permission to reproduce any part of this publication should be addressed to the publishers British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data Dingle, Lloyd Aircraft engineering principles 1. aerospace engineering I. Title II. Tooley, Michael H. (Michael Howard), 1946– 692.1 Library of Congress Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the Library ofCongress ISBN 0 7506 5015 X For information on all Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann publications visit our website at www.books.elsevier.com Typeset by Charon Tec Pvt. Ltd, Chennai, India www.charontec.com Printed and bound in Great Britain

Contents
Preface Acknowledgements viii x

PART 1 Chapter 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5

INTRODUCTION Introduction The aircraft engineering industry Differing job rolesfor aircraft maintenance certifying staff Opportunities for training, education and career progression CAA licence – structure, qualifications, examinations and levels Overview of airworthiness regulation, aircraft maintenance and its safety culture

1 3 3 3 7 15 18

PART 2 Chapter 2

2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Chapter 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Chapter 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10SCIENTIFIC FUNDAMENTALS Mathematics General introduction Non-calculator mathematics Introduction Arithmetic Algebra Geometry and trigonometry Multiple choice questions Further mathematics Further algebra Further trigonometry Statistical methods Calculus Physics Summary Units of measurement Fundamentals Matter The states of matter Mechanics Statics Dynamics Fluids Thermodynamics

31 33 33 34 34 34 53 73100 109 109 118 131 144 165 165 165 170 178 182 183 184 207 240 257

vi

Contents

4.11 4.12 PART 3 Chapter 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20 Chapter 6 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 PART 4 Chapter 7 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7

Light, waves and sound Multiple choice questions ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC FUNDAMENTALS Electrical fundamentalsIntroduction Electron theory Static electricity and conduction Electrical terminology Generation of electricity DC sources of electricity DC circuits Resistance and resistors Power Capacitance and capacitors Magnetism Inductance and inductors DC motor/generator theory AC theory Resistive, capacitive and inductive circuits Transformers Filters AC generators AC motors Multiple choice questionsElectronic fundamentals Introduction Semiconductors Printed circuit boards Servomechanisms Multiple choice questions FUNDAMENTALS OF AERODYNAMICS Basic aerodynamics Introduction A review of atmospheric physics Elementary aerodynamics Flight forces and aircraft loading Flight stability and dynamics Control and controllability Multiple choice questions

277 297 309 311 311 313 315 319 322 326 333 341...
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