Airframe & fuel system

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  • Publicado : 27 de agosto de 2010
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AIRFRAME

Universal Numbering System: The universal numbering system provides a means of identifying standard drawing sizes. In the universal numbering system, each drawing number consists of six or seven digits. The first digit is always 1, 2, 4, or 5, and indicates the size of the drawing1. The remaining digits identify the drawing. Many firms have modified this basic system to conform totheir particular needs. Letters may be used instead of numbers. The letter or number depicting the standard drawing size may be prefixed to the number, separated from it by a dash. Other numbering systems provide a separate box preceding the drawing number for the drawing size identifier. In another modification of this system, the part number of the depicted assembly is assigned as the drawingnumber.

Bill of Material: A list of the materials and parts necessary for the fabrication or assembly of a component or system is often included on the drawing. The list is usually in ruled columns in which are listed the part number, name of the part, material from which the part is to be constructed, the quantity required, and the source of the part or material. A typical bill of material isshown in Figure 2-9. On drawings that do not have a bill of material, the data may be indicated directly on the drawing.

On assembly drawings, each item is identified by a number in a circle or square. An arrow connecting the number with the item assists in locating it in the bill of material.2

Other Drawing Data - Revision Block: Revisions to a drawing are necessitated by changes indimensions, design, or materials. The changes are usually listed in ruled columns either adjacent to the title block or at one corner of the drawing. All changes to approved drawings must be carefully noted on all existing prints of the drawing. When drawings contain such corrections, attention is directed to the changes by lettering or numbering them and listing those changes against the symbol in arevision block. [Figure 2-10] The revision block contains the identification symbol, the date, the nature of the revision, the authority for the change, and the name of the draftsman who made the change. To distinguish the corrected drawing from its previous version, many firms are including, as part of the title block, a space for entering the appropriate symbol to designate that the drawing hasbeen hanged or revised.

Notes: Notes are added to drawings for various reasons. Some of these notes refer to methods of attachment or construction. Others give alternatives, so that the drawing can be used for different styles of the same object. Still others list modifications that are available. Notes may be found alongside the item to which they refer. If the notes are lengthy, they may beplaced elsewhere on the drawing and identified by letters or numbers. Notes are used only when the information cannot be conveyed in the Conventional manner or when it is desirable to avoid crowding the drawing. Figure 2-3 illustrates one method of depicting notes. When the note refers to a specific part, a light line with an arrowhead leads from the note to the part. If it applies to more thanone part, the note is so worded to eliminate ambiguity as to the parts to which it pertains. If there are several notes, they are generally grouped together and numbered consecutively.

Zone Numbers: Zone numbers on drawings are similar to the numbers and letters printed on the borders of a map. They help locate a particular point. To find a point, mentally draw horizontal and vertical linesfrom the letters and numerals specified; the point where these lines intersect is the area sought. Use the same method to locate parts, sections, and views on large drawings, particularly assembly drawings. Parts numbered in the title block can be located on the drawing by finding the numbers in squares along the lower border. Zone numbers read from right to left.3

Station Numbers and Location...
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