Albert Einstein (Ulm, Germany, March 14, 1879 - Princeton, USA, April 18, 1955) was a German-born physicist, nationalized U.S. and Switzerland. He is considered the century's most importantscientific XX.1In 1905, as a young unknown physical, employed in the Patent Office in Bern, published his theory of special relativity. It sat in a simple theoretical framework based on simple physicalprinciples, concepts and phenomena studied earlier by Henri Poincaré and Hendrik Lorentz. As a logical consequence of this theory, derived the equation of physics best known at the grassroots level: themass-energy equivalence, E = mc ². That year he published other works that would lay the basis for statistical physics and quantum mechanics.In 1915, he presented the theory of general relativity, whichreformulated the whole concept of gravedad.2 One consequence was the emergence of the scientific study of the origin and evolution of the Universe by the branch of physics called cosmology. In 1919,when British observations of a solar eclipse confirmed his predictions about the bending of light, was idolized by the prensa.3 Einstein became a popular icon of the science world famous, a privilegeavailable to very few scientists a
For their explanation of the photoelectric effect and his many contributions to theoretical physics in 1921 won the Nobel Prize in Physics and the Theory ofRelativity, as the scientist who was given the task of evaluating it, did not understand, and feared risk that later prove errónea.4 5 In that time was still considered somewhat controversial.
Before therise of Nazism, by December 1932, the scientist left Germany bound for America, where he taught teaching at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. Became a U.S. citizen in 1940. During his lastyears he worked to integrate in a single theory the gravitational and electromagnetic. He died in Princeton, New Jersey on April 18, 1955.
Although considered by some as the "father of the atomic...