Period of time
Sometime about 2925 BC, a king named Menes united Upper and Lower Egypt perhaps. This unification ushered in an efflorescence of cultural achievement and began analmost unbroken line of native rulers that lasted nearly 3,00 years. Historians divide the ancient history of Egypt into Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms, panning 31 dynasties and lasting to 332 BC.Environmental conditions
Egypt is divided into two unequal, extremely arid regions by the landscape’s dominant feature, the northward-flowing Nile River. The largest of the desert areas, theWestern Desert, is a low-lying plateau without wadis; the smaller Eastern Desert is a limestone and sandstone plateau area filled with wadis and it’s fringed by rugged mountains in the southeast. TheNile River has no significant tributaries in Egypt and forms a flat-bottomed valley that is bordered by precipitous scarps. The arid Western Desert is generally devoid of life, but the Eastern Desert,which is less arid than the Western, receives sporadic rainfall and supports some vegetation.
Egypt’s climate consists of only two seasons, with winter lasting from November to March and summer fromMay to September.
Egypt had a pyramid-like social organization; the pharaoh was at the top of the pyramid, king and god at the same time that asked the people fortributes for the gods. Below the pharaoh was the vizier, who was in charge of gathering the taxes and presiding the Supremal Court, he also helped the pharaoh with all the government issues.
After theviziers came the nobles and the priests. At the middle of the pyramid were the scribes and soldiers, and below them were the craftsmen, which were skilled workers such as: pottery makers,leatherworkers, sculptors, painters, weavers, jewelry makers, shoemakers, and tailors. Finally, at the bottom were the farmers and the slaves.
Egypt was a very religious civilization, a...