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  • Publicado : 14 de marzo de 2011
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Summery
1. Applied Psychology

The basic premise of applied psychology is the use of psychological principles and theories to overcome problems in other areas, such as mental health, business management, education, health, product design, ergonomics, and law. Applied psychology includes the areas of clinical psychology, industrial and organizational psychology, occupational healthpsychology, human factors, forensic psychology, engineering psychology, as well as many other areas such as ppsychology, sports and community psychology. In addition, a number of specialized areas in the general field of psychology have applied branches (e.g., applied social psychology, applied cognitive psychology).

Applied psychology is the science of acquiring knowledge to solve specific problems.Applied science focuses of finding ways to solve social problems and identifying effective treatments. In other words, applied psychology deals with solving practical human problems. The goal is to understand the whole person.

2. Clinical psychology

Clinical psychology includes the study and application of psychology for the purpose of understanding, preventing, and relievingpsychologically-based distress or dysfunction and to promote subjective well and personal development.

Central to its practice are psychological assessment and psychotherapy, although clinical psychologists may also engage in research, teaching, consultation, forensic testimony, and program development and administration.Some clinical psychologists may focus on the clinical management of patients with braininjury—this area is known as clinical neuropsychology. In many countries clinical psychology is a regulated mental health profession.

Clinical psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the assessment and treatment of mental illness, abnormal behavior and psychiatric problems. This field integrates the science of psychology with the treatment of complex human problems, making it anexciting career choice for people who are looking for a challenging and rewarding field.

A clinical psychologist is a mental health professional with highly specialized training in the diagnosis and psychological treatment of mental illness, including obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Clinical psychologists do not prescribe medications to treat mental illness; rather, they use psychologicaltechniques, such as cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and psychodynamic therapy.

Clinical psychologists must usually complete a Ph.D. in clinical psychology before being able to practice; however, in some states and provinces, a Master’s degree is sufficient. In most states and provinces, the professional activities of clinical psychologists are regulated by a licensing board and/orprofessional college. In addition to delivery of psychotherapy, psychologists undertake a variety of activities, including psychological testing, research and teaching.

3. Educational psychology

Educational psychology is the study of how humans learn in educational settings, the effectiveness of educational interventions, the psychology of teaching, and the social of schools as organizations.Educational psychology is concerned with how students learn and develop, often focusing on subgroups such as gifted children and those subject to specific disabilities. Although the terms "educational psychology" and "school psychology" are often used interchangeably, researchers and theorists are likely to be identified in the US and Canada as educational psychologists, whereas practitioners in schoolsor school-related settings are identified as school psychologists. This distinction is however not made in the UK, where the generic term for practitioners is "educational psychologist."
Educational psychology can in part be understood through its relationship with other disciplines. It is informed primarily by psychology, bearing a relationship to that discipline analogous to the relationship...
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