Bibliografia vinci

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Florentine artist

He was born on April 15, 1452 in Vinci, near Florence. In 1460 he moved with his family to Florence, where it formed. Around 1466 attended the workshop of Andrea del Verrocchio,where he started in various activities, from painting of altarpieces and to the creation of large sculptural projects in marble and bronze. In 1472 he was admitted to the painters' guild of Florenceand in 1476 he was still mentioned as Verrocchio's assistant, whose work The Baptism of Christ (c. 1470, Uffizi, Florence), painted the kneeling angel at the left and the landscape by Leonardo. Hisfirst assignment was an altarpiece for the chapel of the Palazzo Vecchio, the Florentine town hall but never executed. His first major work, The Adoration of the Magi (Uffizi), left unfinished, wasordered the monks of San Donato a Scopeto, near Florence, to 1481. Other works from this period are the Benois Madonna (c. 1478, Hermitage, St. Petersburg), the portrait Ginevra de 'Benci (c. 1474,National Gallery, Washington) and the unfinished Saint Jerome (c. 1481, Pinacoteca Vaticana) . In 1482 he entered the service of Ludovico Sforza, Duke of Milan, having written a letter in which the artistwas offered as a painter, sculptor, architect, also an engineer, inventor, hydraulic and which he said he could build portable bridges that known techniques for making bombs and cannon, which could makeboats and armored vehicles, catapults and other machines of war and that he could execute sculpture in marble, bronze and terracotta. He helped the Italian mathematician Luca Pacioli in his famouswork The Divine Proportion (1509). The most important work of the period in Milan are the two versions of the Virgin of the Rocks (1483-1485, Louvre, Paris 1490-1506-1508 decade, National Gallery,London), which applies the triangular compositional scheme that locks the Virgin and Child with Saint John and the angel, and where first applied the technique of sfumato. From 1495 to 1497 working on...