Código civil de louisiana

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BOOK III
OF THE DIFFERENT MODES OF ACQUIRING THE
OWNERSHIP OF THINGS
PRELIMINARY TITLE--GENERAL DISPOSITIONS
Art. 870.  Modes of acquiring ownership
A.  The ownership of things or property is acquired by succession either testate or intestate, by the effect of obligations, and by the operation of law.
B.  Testate and intestate succession rights, including the right to claim as aforced heir, are governed by the law in effect on the date of the decedent's death.
Acts 1981, No. 919, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982; Acts 2001, No. 560, §1, eff. June 22, 2001.

TITLE I--OF SUCCESSIONS
CHAPTER 1--OF THE DIFFERENT SORTS OF
SUCCESSIONS AND SUCCESSORS
Art. 871.  Meaning of succession.
Succession is the transmission of the estate of the deceased to his successors.  Thesuccessors thus have the right to take possession of the estate of the deceased after complying with applicable provisions of law.
Acts 1981 No. 919, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Art. 872.  Meaning of estate.
The estate of a deceased means the property, rights, and obligations that a person leaves after his death, whether the property exceeds the charges or the charges exceed theproperty, or whether he has only left charges without any property.  The estate includes not only the rights and obligations of the deceased as they exist at the time of death, but all that has accrued thereto since death, and the new charges to which it becomes subject.
Acts 1981, No. 919, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Art. 873.  Kinds of succession.
There are two kinds of succession: testateand intestate.
Acts 1981, No. 919, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Art. 874.  Testate succession.
Testate succession results from the will of the deceased, contained in a testament executed in a form prescribed by law.  This kind of succession is covered under the Title: Of donations inter vivos and mortis causa.
Acts 1981, No. 919, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Art. 875.  Intestatesuccession.
Intestate succession results from provisions of law in favor of certain persons, in default of testate successors.  Intestate succession is the subject of the present title.
Acts 1981, No. 919, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.
Art. 876.  Kinds of successors.
There are two kinds of successors corresponding to the two kinds of succession described in the preceding articles:Testate successors, also called legatees.
Intestate successors, also called heirs.
Acts 1981, No. 919, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Art 877.  Repealed by Acts 2001, No. 572, §2.

Art 878.  Repealed by Acts 2001, No. 572, §2.

Art 879.  Repealed by Acts 2001, No. 572, §2.

CHAPTER 2--OF INTESTATE SUCCESSION
Art. 880.  Intestate succession.
In the absence of validtestamentary disposition, the undisposed property of the deceased devolves by operation of law in favor of his descendants, ascendants, and collaterals, by blood or by adoption, and in favor of his spouse not judicially separated from him, in the order provided in and according to the following articles.
Acts 1981, No. 919, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Art. 881.  Representation: effectRepresentation is a fiction of the law, the effect of which is to put the representative in the place, degree, and rights of the person represented.
Acts 1981, No. 919, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.
Art. 882.  Representation in direct line of descendants
Representation takes place ad infinitum in the direct line of descendants.  It is permitted in all cases, whether the children of the deceasedconcur with the descendants of the predeceased child, or whether, all the children having died before him, the descendants of the children be in equal or unequal degrees of relationship to the deceased.  For purposes of forced heirship, representation takes place only as provided in Article 1493.
Acts 1981, No. 919, §1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982; Acts 1990, No. 147, §1, eff. July 1, 1990; Acts...
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